Background. Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is the only disease-modifying therapy for allergic conditions, resulting in a long-lasting tolerance beyond the duration of the treatment. Due to the strong relationship between the effectiveness, its optimal duration (at least three years) and the observation of the correct administration protocol, appropriate adherence to the plan of treatment represents a critical factor for the therapeutical success of AIT. Methods. Analysis of studies about the rate of adherence in subcutaneous and sublingual immunotherapy, which are the main routes of administration of AIT. Results. There are different causes leading to a premature interruption of the therapy or to it being incorrectly carried out; the most reported include erroneous expectations of the effectiveness and the adverse effects, economic issues, inconvenience and unrelated clinical conditions. Conclusions. An attentive analysis of the main causes of dropouts may be useful to improve the management of these patients and to develop new strategies for a personalized approach. These strategies should be dynamic, involving attentive communication between the physician and the patient about all the possible criticalities, especially in the initial phase of the therapy, and facilitating, as much as possible, access to healthcare providers over the course of the maintenance phase, including by exploiting technological tools.

Causes of Non-Adherence to Allergen-Specific Immunotherapy: A Foundation towards a Patient-Personalized Approach / Ridolo, Erminia; Nicoletta, Francesca; Barone, Alessandro; Ottoni, Martina; Senna, Gianenrico; Canonica, Giorgio Walter. - In: JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE. - ISSN 2075-4426. - 13:8(2023). [10.3390/jpm13081206]

Causes of Non-Adherence to Allergen-Specific Immunotherapy: A Foundation towards a Patient-Personalized Approach

Ridolo, Erminia;Nicoletta, Francesca;Barone, Alessandro;Ottoni, Martina;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background. Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is the only disease-modifying therapy for allergic conditions, resulting in a long-lasting tolerance beyond the duration of the treatment. Due to the strong relationship between the effectiveness, its optimal duration (at least three years) and the observation of the correct administration protocol, appropriate adherence to the plan of treatment represents a critical factor for the therapeutical success of AIT. Methods. Analysis of studies about the rate of adherence in subcutaneous and sublingual immunotherapy, which are the main routes of administration of AIT. Results. There are different causes leading to a premature interruption of the therapy or to it being incorrectly carried out; the most reported include erroneous expectations of the effectiveness and the adverse effects, economic issues, inconvenience and unrelated clinical conditions. Conclusions. An attentive analysis of the main causes of dropouts may be useful to improve the management of these patients and to develop new strategies for a personalized approach. These strategies should be dynamic, involving attentive communication between the physician and the patient about all the possible criticalities, especially in the initial phase of the therapy, and facilitating, as much as possible, access to healthcare providers over the course of the maintenance phase, including by exploiting technological tools.
2023
Causes of Non-Adherence to Allergen-Specific Immunotherapy: A Foundation towards a Patient-Personalized Approach / Ridolo, Erminia; Nicoletta, Francesca; Barone, Alessandro; Ottoni, Martina; Senna, Gianenrico; Canonica, Giorgio Walter. - In: JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE. - ISSN 2075-4426. - 13:8(2023). [10.3390/jpm13081206]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2968233
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