In plants, glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) is an ubiquitous enzyme that catalyzes the reversible amination of 2-oxoglutarate in glutamate. It contributes to both the amino acid homeostasis and the management of intracellular ammonium, and it is regarded as a key player at the junction of carbon and nitrogen assimilation pathways. To date, information about the GDH of terrestrial plants refers to a very few species only. We focused on selected species belonging to the division Marchantiophyta, providing the first panoramic overview of biochemical and functional features of GDH in liverworts. Native electrophoretic analyses showed an isoenzymatic profile less complex than what was reported for Arabidposis thaliana and other angiosperms: the presence of a single isoform corresponding to an α-homohexamer, differently prone to thermal inactivation on a species- and organ-basis, was found. Sequence analysis conducted on amino acid sequences confirmed a high similarity of GDH in modern liverworts with the GDH2 protein of A. thaliana, strengthening the hypothesis that the duplication event that gave origin to GDH1-homolog gene from GDH2 occurred after the evolutionary bifurcation that separated bryophytes and tracheophytes. Experiments conducted on Marchantia polymorpha and Calypogeia fissa grown in vitro and compared to A. thaliana demonstrated through in gel activity detection and monodimensional Western Blot that the aminating activity of GDH resulted in strongly enhanced responses to ammonium excess in liverworts as well, even if at a different extent compared to Arabidopsis and other vascular species. The comparative analysis by bi-dimensional Western Blot suggested that the regulation of the enzyme could be, at least partially, untied from the protein post-translational pattern. Finally, immuno-electron microscopy revealed that the GDH enzyme localizes at the subcellular level in both mitochondria and chloroplasts of parenchyma and is specifically associated to the endomembrane system in liverworts.

Glutamate dehydrogenase in “Liverworld”—A study in selected species to explore a key enzyme of plant primary metabolism in Marchantiophyta / Brambilla, M.; Chiari, G.; Commisso, M.; Nerva, L.; Musetti, R.; Petraglia, A.; Degola, F.. - In: PHYSIOLOGIA PLANTARUM. - ISSN 0031-9317. - 175:6(2023). [10.1111/ppl.14071]

Glutamate dehydrogenase in “Liverworld”—A study in selected species to explore a key enzyme of plant primary metabolism in Marchantiophyta

Chiari G.
Resources
;
Petraglia A.
Supervision
;
Degola F.
Conceptualization
2023-01-01

Abstract

In plants, glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) is an ubiquitous enzyme that catalyzes the reversible amination of 2-oxoglutarate in glutamate. It contributes to both the amino acid homeostasis and the management of intracellular ammonium, and it is regarded as a key player at the junction of carbon and nitrogen assimilation pathways. To date, information about the GDH of terrestrial plants refers to a very few species only. We focused on selected species belonging to the division Marchantiophyta, providing the first panoramic overview of biochemical and functional features of GDH in liverworts. Native electrophoretic analyses showed an isoenzymatic profile less complex than what was reported for Arabidposis thaliana and other angiosperms: the presence of a single isoform corresponding to an α-homohexamer, differently prone to thermal inactivation on a species- and organ-basis, was found. Sequence analysis conducted on amino acid sequences confirmed a high similarity of GDH in modern liverworts with the GDH2 protein of A. thaliana, strengthening the hypothesis that the duplication event that gave origin to GDH1-homolog gene from GDH2 occurred after the evolutionary bifurcation that separated bryophytes and tracheophytes. Experiments conducted on Marchantia polymorpha and Calypogeia fissa grown in vitro and compared to A. thaliana demonstrated through in gel activity detection and monodimensional Western Blot that the aminating activity of GDH resulted in strongly enhanced responses to ammonium excess in liverworts as well, even if at a different extent compared to Arabidopsis and other vascular species. The comparative analysis by bi-dimensional Western Blot suggested that the regulation of the enzyme could be, at least partially, untied from the protein post-translational pattern. Finally, immuno-electron microscopy revealed that the GDH enzyme localizes at the subcellular level in both mitochondria and chloroplasts of parenchyma and is specifically associated to the endomembrane system in liverworts.
2023
Glutamate dehydrogenase in “Liverworld”—A study in selected species to explore a key enzyme of plant primary metabolism in Marchantiophyta / Brambilla, M.; Chiari, G.; Commisso, M.; Nerva, L.; Musetti, R.; Petraglia, A.; Degola, F.. - In: PHYSIOLOGIA PLANTARUM. - ISSN 0031-9317. - 175:6(2023). [10.1111/ppl.14071]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2966714
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