Aim: We examined whether metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD) with or without significant fibrosis (assessed by validated non-invasive biomarkers) was associated with an increased risk of prevalent chronic kidney disease (CKD) or diabetic retinopathy in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Methods: We performed a retrospective multicenter cross-sectional study involving 1,409 adult outpatients with T1DM, in whom hepatic steatosis index (HSI) and fibrosis (FIB)-4 index were calculated for non-invasively detecting hepatic steatosis (defined by HSI > 36), with or without coexisting significant fibrosis (FIB-4 index ≥ 1.3 or < 1.3). CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 or urine albumin/creatinine ratio ≥ 3.0 mg/mmol. The presence of diabetic retinopathy was also recorded in all participants. Results: Patients with MASLD and significant fibrosis (n = 93) had a remarkably higher prevalence of CKD and diabetic retinopathy than their counterparts with MASLD without fibrosis (n = 578) and those without steatosis (n = 738). After adjustment for sex, diabetes duration, hemoglobin A1c, hypertension, and use of antihypertensive or lipid-lowering medications, patients with SLD and significant fibrosis had a higher risk of prevalent CKD (adjusted-odds ratio 1.76, 95 % confidence interval 1.05-2.96) than those without steatosis. Patients with MASLD without fibrosis had a higher risk of prevalent retinopathy (adjusted-odds ratio 1.49, 95 % CI 1.13-1.46) than those without steatosis. Conclusion: This is the largest cross-sectional study showing that MASLD with and without coexisting significant fibrosis was associated, independently of potential confounders, with an increased risk of prevalent CKD and retinopathy in adults with T1DM.

MASLD, hepatic steatosis and fibrosis are associated with the prevalence of chronic kidney disease and retinopathy in adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus / Mantovani, Alessandro; Morieri, Mario Luca; Aldigeri, Raffaella; Palmisano, Luisa; Masulli, Maria; Bonomo, Katia; Baroni, Marco Giorgio; Cossu, Efisio; Cimini, Flavia Agata; Cavallo, Gisella; Buzzetti, Raffaella; Mignogna, Carmen; Leonetti, Frida; Bacci, Simonetta; Trevisan, Roberto; Pollis, Riccardo Maria; Cas, Alessandra Dei; de Kreutzenberg, Saula Vigili; Targher, Giovanni. - In: DIABETES & METABOLISM JOURNAL. - ISSN 2233-6079. - 50:1(2023), p. 101497. [10.1016/j.diabet.2023.101497]

MASLD, hepatic steatosis and fibrosis are associated with the prevalence of chronic kidney disease and retinopathy in adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Aldigeri, Raffaella;Cas, Alessandra Dei;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Aim: We examined whether metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD) with or without significant fibrosis (assessed by validated non-invasive biomarkers) was associated with an increased risk of prevalent chronic kidney disease (CKD) or diabetic retinopathy in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Methods: We performed a retrospective multicenter cross-sectional study involving 1,409 adult outpatients with T1DM, in whom hepatic steatosis index (HSI) and fibrosis (FIB)-4 index were calculated for non-invasively detecting hepatic steatosis (defined by HSI > 36), with or without coexisting significant fibrosis (FIB-4 index ≥ 1.3 or < 1.3). CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 or urine albumin/creatinine ratio ≥ 3.0 mg/mmol. The presence of diabetic retinopathy was also recorded in all participants. Results: Patients with MASLD and significant fibrosis (n = 93) had a remarkably higher prevalence of CKD and diabetic retinopathy than their counterparts with MASLD without fibrosis (n = 578) and those without steatosis (n = 738). After adjustment for sex, diabetes duration, hemoglobin A1c, hypertension, and use of antihypertensive or lipid-lowering medications, patients with SLD and significant fibrosis had a higher risk of prevalent CKD (adjusted-odds ratio 1.76, 95 % confidence interval 1.05-2.96) than those without steatosis. Patients with MASLD without fibrosis had a higher risk of prevalent retinopathy (adjusted-odds ratio 1.49, 95 % CI 1.13-1.46) than those without steatosis. Conclusion: This is the largest cross-sectional study showing that MASLD with and without coexisting significant fibrosis was associated, independently of potential confounders, with an increased risk of prevalent CKD and retinopathy in adults with T1DM.
2023
MASLD, hepatic steatosis and fibrosis are associated with the prevalence of chronic kidney disease and retinopathy in adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus / Mantovani, Alessandro; Morieri, Mario Luca; Aldigeri, Raffaella; Palmisano, Luisa; Masulli, Maria; Bonomo, Katia; Baroni, Marco Giorgio; Cossu, Efisio; Cimini, Flavia Agata; Cavallo, Gisella; Buzzetti, Raffaella; Mignogna, Carmen; Leonetti, Frida; Bacci, Simonetta; Trevisan, Roberto; Pollis, Riccardo Maria; Cas, Alessandra Dei; de Kreutzenberg, Saula Vigili; Targher, Giovanni. - In: DIABETES & METABOLISM JOURNAL. - ISSN 2233-6079. - 50:1(2023), p. 101497. [10.1016/j.diabet.2023.101497]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2966472
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