When applied in the same concentration to tomato plants, cadmium sulfate (CdSO4) and zinc sulfate (ZnSO4) were transported from soil to roots and from roots to shoots more readily than their nano counterparts: cadmium sulfide quantum dots (CdS QD) and zinc sulfide quantum dots (ZnS QD). Compared to the CdS QD, he higher rate of transport of CdSO4 resulted in a greater negative effect on growth, chlorophyll content, antioxidant properties, lipid peroxidation and activation of antioxidant defence systems. Although ZnSO4 was transported more rapidly than ZnS QD, the overall effect of Zn addition was positive (increase in total plant mass, stem length, antioxidant content and decrease in lipid peroxidation). However, these effects were more pronounced in the case of ZnS QD, suggesting that the mechanisms underpinning the activity of ZnS QD and ZnSO4 were different. Thus, the risk of phytotoxicity and food chain transfer of the two elements depended on their form (salt or nanoform), and consequently their effects on plants’ growth and physiology were different.

Comparison of effect of CdS QD and ZnS QD and their corresponding salts on growth, chlorophyll content and antioxidative capacity of tomato / Pavlicevic, Milica; Pagano, Luca; Villani, Marco; Zappettini, Andrea; Paesano, Laura; Bonas, Urbana; Marmiroli, Nelson; Marmiroli, Marta. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHYTOREMEDIATION. - ISSN 1522-6514. - (2023). [10.1080/15226514.2023.2270692]

Comparison of effect of CdS QD and ZnS QD and their corresponding salts on growth, chlorophyll content and antioxidative capacity of tomato

Milica Pavlicevic;Luca Pagano;Marco Villani;Laura Paesano;Urbana Bonas;Nelson Marmiroli;Marta Marmiroli
2023-01-01

Abstract

When applied in the same concentration to tomato plants, cadmium sulfate (CdSO4) and zinc sulfate (ZnSO4) were transported from soil to roots and from roots to shoots more readily than their nano counterparts: cadmium sulfide quantum dots (CdS QD) and zinc sulfide quantum dots (ZnS QD). Compared to the CdS QD, he higher rate of transport of CdSO4 resulted in a greater negative effect on growth, chlorophyll content, antioxidant properties, lipid peroxidation and activation of antioxidant defence systems. Although ZnSO4 was transported more rapidly than ZnS QD, the overall effect of Zn addition was positive (increase in total plant mass, stem length, antioxidant content and decrease in lipid peroxidation). However, these effects were more pronounced in the case of ZnS QD, suggesting that the mechanisms underpinning the activity of ZnS QD and ZnSO4 were different. Thus, the risk of phytotoxicity and food chain transfer of the two elements depended on their form (salt or nanoform), and consequently their effects on plants’ growth and physiology were different.
2023
Comparison of effect of CdS QD and ZnS QD and their corresponding salts on growth, chlorophyll content and antioxidative capacity of tomato / Pavlicevic, Milica; Pagano, Luca; Villani, Marco; Zappettini, Andrea; Paesano, Laura; Bonas, Urbana; Marmiroli, Nelson; Marmiroli, Marta. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHYTOREMEDIATION. - ISSN 1522-6514. - (2023). [10.1080/15226514.2023.2270692]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2963032
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