BackgroundGastric cancer (GC) incidence is declining heterogeneously worldwide. We aimed to calculate updated mortality trends for GC. MethodsWe investigated time trends for selected countries using the World Health Organization database. We computed age-standardized mortality rates (ASMR) per 100,000 persons over the 1990-2019 period. We reported rates for the 2010-2014 and 2015-19 calendar periods, and the corresponding percent changes. We used joinpoint regression analysis to identify changes in the slope of mortality trends, and predict the number of deaths and rates for 2025. We also reported 2008-2012 incidence rates of cardia and noncardia GC. ResultsMortality trends from GC have been favorable since 1990 for all countries analyzed and the European Union (EU 27), in both sexes and all ages. GC mortality is predicted to decline in all countries for both sexes, except for French and US women aged 35-64 years, and Canadian men aged 35-64. The highest proportions of cardia GC were observed in Northern and Central Europe while the lowest ones in Southern and Eastern Europe. Elsewhere, the highest proportions were registered in countries with low incidence and mortality rates, whereas high-mortality countries showed lower proportions of cardia GC. ConclusionObserved and predicted GC mortality trends declined in most countries in both sexes, with few exceptions, likely due to the control of GC risk factors, in particular Hp infection.

Trends in gastric cancer mortality 1990-2019 in 36 countries worldwide, with predictions to 2025, and incidence, overall and by subtype / Collatuzzo, G; Santucci, C; Malvezzi, M; La Vecchia, C; Boffetta, P; Negri, E. - In: CANCER MEDICINE. - ISSN 2045-7634. - 12:8(2023), pp. 9912-9925. [10.1002/cam4.5685]

Trends in gastric cancer mortality 1990-2019 in 36 countries worldwide, with predictions to 2025, and incidence, overall and by subtype

Malvezzi, M;
2023-01-01

Abstract

BackgroundGastric cancer (GC) incidence is declining heterogeneously worldwide. We aimed to calculate updated mortality trends for GC. MethodsWe investigated time trends for selected countries using the World Health Organization database. We computed age-standardized mortality rates (ASMR) per 100,000 persons over the 1990-2019 period. We reported rates for the 2010-2014 and 2015-19 calendar periods, and the corresponding percent changes. We used joinpoint regression analysis to identify changes in the slope of mortality trends, and predict the number of deaths and rates for 2025. We also reported 2008-2012 incidence rates of cardia and noncardia GC. ResultsMortality trends from GC have been favorable since 1990 for all countries analyzed and the European Union (EU 27), in both sexes and all ages. GC mortality is predicted to decline in all countries for both sexes, except for French and US women aged 35-64 years, and Canadian men aged 35-64. The highest proportions of cardia GC were observed in Northern and Central Europe while the lowest ones in Southern and Eastern Europe. Elsewhere, the highest proportions were registered in countries with low incidence and mortality rates, whereas high-mortality countries showed lower proportions of cardia GC. ConclusionObserved and predicted GC mortality trends declined in most countries in both sexes, with few exceptions, likely due to the control of GC risk factors, in particular Hp infection.
2023
Trends in gastric cancer mortality 1990-2019 in 36 countries worldwide, with predictions to 2025, and incidence, overall and by subtype / Collatuzzo, G; Santucci, C; Malvezzi, M; La Vecchia, C; Boffetta, P; Negri, E. - In: CANCER MEDICINE. - ISSN 2045-7634. - 12:8(2023), pp. 9912-9925. [10.1002/cam4.5685]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2961552
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