Synchrotron single-crystal X-ray diffraction experiments at high-pressure and high-temperature conditions were performed up to 20 GPa and 573.0(2) K on a fully ordered stoichiometric dolomite and a partially disordered stoichiometric dolomite [order parameter, s = 0.26(6)]. The ordered dolomite was found to be stable up to approximately 14 GPa at ambient temperature and up to approximately 17 GPa at T = 573.0(2) K. The P–V data from the ambient temperature experiments were analysed by a second-order Birch–Murnaghan equation-ofstate giving K0 = 92.7(9) G Pa for the ordered dolomite and K0 = 92.5(8) GPa for the disordered dolomite. The hightemperature data, collected for the ordered sample, were fitted by a third-order Birch–Murnaghan equation-of-state resulting in K0 = 95(6) G Pa and K′ = 2.6(7). In order to compare the three experiments results, a third-order Birch– Murnaghan equation-of-state was also calculated for the ambient temperature experiments giving K0 = 93(3) Gpa, K′ = 3.9(6) for the ordered dolomite and K0 = 92(3) G Pa, K′ = 4.0(4) for the disordered dolomite. The derived axial moduli show that dolomite compresses very anisotropically, being the c-axis approximately three times more compressible than the a-axis. The axial compressibility increases as T increases, and the a-axis is the most temperature- influenced axis. On the contrary, axial compressibility is not influenced by disordering. Structural refinements at different pressures show that Ca and Mg octahedra are almost equally compressible in the ordered dolomite withK(CaO6) = 109(4) GPa and K(MgO6) = 103(3) Gpa. On the contrary, CaO6 compressibility is reduced and MgO6 compressibility is increased in the disordered crystal structure where K(CaO6) = 139(4) GPa and K(MgO6) = 89(4) GPa. Disordering is found to increase CaO6 and to decrease MgO6 bond strengths, thus making stiffer the Ca octahedron and softer the Mg octahedron. Cation polyhedra are distorted in both ordered and disordered dolomites and they increase in regularity as P increases. Ordered dolomite approaches regularity at approximately 14 GPa. The increase in regularity of octahedra in the disordered dolomite is strongly affected by the very slow regularization of MgO6 with respect to CaO6. The phase transition to the high-pressure polymorph of dolomite (dolomite-II), which is driven by a significant increase in the regularity of both cations polyhedra and mineral crystal structure, occurs in the ordered dolomite at ambient temperature at approximately 14 GPa; whereas no clear evidences of phase transition were observed as regards the disordered crystal structure

The effect of cation ordering and temperature on the high-pressure behaviour of dolomite / Zucchini, Azzurra; Comodi, Paola; Nazzareni, Sabrina; Hanfland, M.. - In: PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF MINERALS. - ISSN 0342-1791. - 41:10(2014), pp. 783-793. [10.1007/s00269-014-0691-z]

The effect of cation ordering and temperature on the high-pressure behaviour of dolomite

NAZZARENI, Sabrina;
2014-01-01

Abstract

Synchrotron single-crystal X-ray diffraction experiments at high-pressure and high-temperature conditions were performed up to 20 GPa and 573.0(2) K on a fully ordered stoichiometric dolomite and a partially disordered stoichiometric dolomite [order parameter, s = 0.26(6)]. The ordered dolomite was found to be stable up to approximately 14 GPa at ambient temperature and up to approximately 17 GPa at T = 573.0(2) K. The P–V data from the ambient temperature experiments were analysed by a second-order Birch–Murnaghan equation-ofstate giving K0 = 92.7(9) G Pa for the ordered dolomite and K0 = 92.5(8) GPa for the disordered dolomite. The hightemperature data, collected for the ordered sample, were fitted by a third-order Birch–Murnaghan equation-of-state resulting in K0 = 95(6) G Pa and K′ = 2.6(7). In order to compare the three experiments results, a third-order Birch– Murnaghan equation-of-state was also calculated for the ambient temperature experiments giving K0 = 93(3) Gpa, K′ = 3.9(6) for the ordered dolomite and K0 = 92(3) G Pa, K′ = 4.0(4) for the disordered dolomite. The derived axial moduli show that dolomite compresses very anisotropically, being the c-axis approximately three times more compressible than the a-axis. The axial compressibility increases as T increases, and the a-axis is the most temperature- influenced axis. On the contrary, axial compressibility is not influenced by disordering. Structural refinements at different pressures show that Ca and Mg octahedra are almost equally compressible in the ordered dolomite withK(CaO6) = 109(4) GPa and K(MgO6) = 103(3) Gpa. On the contrary, CaO6 compressibility is reduced and MgO6 compressibility is increased in the disordered crystal structure where K(CaO6) = 139(4) GPa and K(MgO6) = 89(4) GPa. Disordering is found to increase CaO6 and to decrease MgO6 bond strengths, thus making stiffer the Ca octahedron and softer the Mg octahedron. Cation polyhedra are distorted in both ordered and disordered dolomites and they increase in regularity as P increases. Ordered dolomite approaches regularity at approximately 14 GPa. The increase in regularity of octahedra in the disordered dolomite is strongly affected by the very slow regularization of MgO6 with respect to CaO6. The phase transition to the high-pressure polymorph of dolomite (dolomite-II), which is driven by a significant increase in the regularity of both cations polyhedra and mineral crystal structure, occurs in the ordered dolomite at ambient temperature at approximately 14 GPa; whereas no clear evidences of phase transition were observed as regards the disordered crystal structure
2014
The effect of cation ordering and temperature on the high-pressure behaviour of dolomite / Zucchini, Azzurra; Comodi, Paola; Nazzareni, Sabrina; Hanfland, M.. - In: PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF MINERALS. - ISSN 0342-1791. - 41:10(2014), pp. 783-793. [10.1007/s00269-014-0691-z]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2961205
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