Objective: To evaluate the performance and define cut-offs for the interpretation of a thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) stimulation test with a recombinant human TSH dose of 75 μg/dog administered intravenously in dogs with suspected hypothyroidism. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study. Medical records of dogs presented for suspected hypothyroidism were retrospectively reviewed. Animals were included if a TSH stimulation test with a recombinant human TSH dose of 75 μg/dog was performed and follow-up was available. Dogs with a post-TSH serum total thyroxine (T4) level of ≥2.2 μg/dL were considered euthyroid. Dogs with a post-TSH T4 level of <2.2 μg/dL were classified as hypothyroid or euthyroid based on follow-up, including response to levothyroxine supplementation. A receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to define the performance of the test. Results: One hundred and fourteen dogs were included. Forty were classified as hypothyroid and 74 as euthyroid. Post-TSH T4 cut-offs of 1.3 and 1.7 μg/dL showed sensitivities of 92.5 and 100% and specificities of 97.3 and 93.2%, respectively. Post-TSH T4 levels of >1.7 μg/dL had a negative predictive value of 100%. Post-TSH T4 levels of <1.3 μg/dL showed a positive predictive value of 94.9%. Area under the ROC curve for post-TSH T4 was 0.99. Clinical Significance: A TSH stimulation test performed with a recombinant human TSH dose of 75 μg/dog is highly reliable to discriminate between hypothyroid and euthyroid dogs, even in cases of concurrent non-thyroidal illness or administration of medications. A post-stimulation T4 concentration of >1.7 μg/dL is suggestive of normal thyroid function.

Recombinant human thyrotropin stimulation test in 114 dogs with suspected hypothyroidism: a cross-sectional study / Corsini, A.; Faroni, E.; Lunetta, F.; Fracassi, F.. - In: JOURNAL OF SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE. - ISSN 0022-4510. - 62:4(2021), pp. 257-264. [10.1111/jsap.13290]

Recombinant human thyrotropin stimulation test in 114 dogs with suspected hypothyroidism: a cross-sectional study

Corsini A.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the performance and define cut-offs for the interpretation of a thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) stimulation test with a recombinant human TSH dose of 75 μg/dog administered intravenously in dogs with suspected hypothyroidism. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study. Medical records of dogs presented for suspected hypothyroidism were retrospectively reviewed. Animals were included if a TSH stimulation test with a recombinant human TSH dose of 75 μg/dog was performed and follow-up was available. Dogs with a post-TSH serum total thyroxine (T4) level of ≥2.2 μg/dL were considered euthyroid. Dogs with a post-TSH T4 level of <2.2 μg/dL were classified as hypothyroid or euthyroid based on follow-up, including response to levothyroxine supplementation. A receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to define the performance of the test. Results: One hundred and fourteen dogs were included. Forty were classified as hypothyroid and 74 as euthyroid. Post-TSH T4 cut-offs of 1.3 and 1.7 μg/dL showed sensitivities of 92.5 and 100% and specificities of 97.3 and 93.2%, respectively. Post-TSH T4 levels of >1.7 μg/dL had a negative predictive value of 100%. Post-TSH T4 levels of <1.3 μg/dL showed a positive predictive value of 94.9%. Area under the ROC curve for post-TSH T4 was 0.99. Clinical Significance: A TSH stimulation test performed with a recombinant human TSH dose of 75 μg/dog is highly reliable to discriminate between hypothyroid and euthyroid dogs, even in cases of concurrent non-thyroidal illness or administration of medications. A post-stimulation T4 concentration of >1.7 μg/dL is suggestive of normal thyroid function.
2021
Recombinant human thyrotropin stimulation test in 114 dogs with suspected hypothyroidism: a cross-sectional study / Corsini, A.; Faroni, E.; Lunetta, F.; Fracassi, F.. - In: JOURNAL OF SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE. - ISSN 0022-4510. - 62:4(2021), pp. 257-264. [10.1111/jsap.13290]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2956432
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