Introduction: Elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor (ELX/TEZ/IVA) improves CFTR function in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients homozygous or heterozygous for F508del mutation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the response to ELX/TEZ/IVA treatment both clinically and morphologically in terms of bronchiectasis, bronchial wall thickening, mucus plugging, abscess and consolidations. Methods: We retrospectively collected data from CF patients followed at Parma CF Centre (Italy) treated by ELX/TEZ/IVA between March and November 2021. Post-treatment changes in respiratory function, quality of life, sweat chloride concentration, body mass index, pulmonary exacerbations and lung structure by chest magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were assessed. T2-and T1-weighted sequences were acquired with a 20 min-long scanning protocol on a 1.5T MRI scanner (Philips Ingenia) without administration of intravenous contrast media. Results: 19 patients (32.5 ± 10.2 years) were included in the study. After 6 months of treatment with ELX/TEZ/IVA, MRI showed significant improvements in the morphological score (p < 0.001), with a reduction in bronchial wall thickening (p < 0.001) and mucus plugging (p 0.01). Respiratory function showed significant improvement in predicted FEV1% (58.5 ± 17.5 vs 71.4 ± 20.1, p < 0.001), FVC% (79.0 ± 11.1 vs 88.3 ± 14.4, p < 0.001), FEV1/FVC (0.61 ± 0.16 vs 0.67 ± 0.15, <0.001) and LCI2.5% (17.8 ± 4.3 vs 15.8 ± 4.1 p < 0.005). Significant improvement was found in body mass index (20.6 ± 2.7 vs 21.9 ± 2.4, p < 0.001), pulmonary exacerbations (2.3 ± 1.3 vs 1.4 ± 1.3 p 0.018) and sweat chloride concentration (96.5 ± 36.6 vs 41.1 ± 16.9, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Our study confirms the efficacy of ELX/TEZ/IVA in CF patients not only from a clinical point of view but also in terms of morphological changes of the lungs.
Structural changes in lung morphology detected by MRI after modulating therapy with elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor in adolescent and adult patients with cystic fibrosis / Fainardi, Valentina; Skenderaj, Kaltra; Ciuni, Andrea; Milanese, Gianluca; Deolmi, Michela; Longo, Francesco; Spaggiari, Cinzia; Sverzellati, Nicola; Esposito, Susanna; Pisi, Giovanna. - In: RESPIRATORY MEDICINE. - ISSN 1745-0454. - 216:(2023), p. 107328. [10.1016/j.rmed.2023.107328]