Background & aims: Sarcopenia is prevalent in patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) on hemodialysis (HD), and is associated with poor outcomes, while obesity may be protective. Sarcopenic obesity is associated with increased frailty, morbidity and mortality in the general population. Myosteatosis, i.e., muscle fat infiltration, has major effects on muscle strength and physical performance, but is poorly investigated in the nephrology setting. In the present study we aimed to assess the association between sarcopenic obesity, as diagnosed by abdominal CT, and mortality. Moreover, the relationship between myosteatosis, sarcopenic obesity and mortality was also investigated. Methods: This is a retrospective study in which ESKD patients on HD submitted to unenhanced abdominal CT for clinical reasons at least 6 months after dialysis initiation were evaluated for sarcopenic obesity and myosteatosis, defined as intermuscular fat area and low attenuation muscle area. Sarcopenic obesity was diagnosed in cases of low abdominal skeletal muscle area and high total fat area. Receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) analysis with Youden index was used to determine the cut-off for high total fat area. Intermuscular fat area and low attenuation muscle area were evaluated by applying the Hounsfield unit of interest (-190; -30, and -29; +29 respectively). Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between predictors and mortality risk. Results: We enrolled 212 patients, aged 68.8 (±14.7) years, 65.5% (139/212) male. Median follow-up was 19.7 (interquartile range [IQR] 2.7-35) months. Sarcopenic obesity was diagnosed in 19.8% of patients and was associated with increased mortality (HR: 3.29 (1.72; 6.27), P < 0.001), and with the presence of myosteatosis. Both intermuscular fat area and low attenuation muscle area were associated with increased mortality in adjusted analyses. Conclusions: Patients with sarcopenic obesity have increased myosteatosis. Sarcopenic obesity and myosteatosis are associated with increased mortality in patients on HD.

Sarcopenic obesity and its relation with muscle quality and mortality in patients on chronic hemodialysis / Sabatino, Alice; Avesani, Carla Maria; Regolisti, Giuseppe; Adinolfi, Marianna; Benigno, Giuseppe; Delsante, Marco; Fiaccadori, Enrico; Gandolfini, Ilaria. - In: CLINICAL NUTRITION. - ISSN 0261-5614. - 42:8(2023), pp. 1359-1368. [10.1016/j.clnu.2023.06.032]

Sarcopenic obesity and its relation with muscle quality and mortality in patients on chronic hemodialysis

Sabatino, Alice
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Regolisti, Giuseppe;Benigno, Giuseppe;Delsante, Marco;Fiaccadori, Enrico
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Gandolfini, Ilaria
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background & aims: Sarcopenia is prevalent in patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) on hemodialysis (HD), and is associated with poor outcomes, while obesity may be protective. Sarcopenic obesity is associated with increased frailty, morbidity and mortality in the general population. Myosteatosis, i.e., muscle fat infiltration, has major effects on muscle strength and physical performance, but is poorly investigated in the nephrology setting. In the present study we aimed to assess the association between sarcopenic obesity, as diagnosed by abdominal CT, and mortality. Moreover, the relationship between myosteatosis, sarcopenic obesity and mortality was also investigated. Methods: This is a retrospective study in which ESKD patients on HD submitted to unenhanced abdominal CT for clinical reasons at least 6 months after dialysis initiation were evaluated for sarcopenic obesity and myosteatosis, defined as intermuscular fat area and low attenuation muscle area. Sarcopenic obesity was diagnosed in cases of low abdominal skeletal muscle area and high total fat area. Receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) analysis with Youden index was used to determine the cut-off for high total fat area. Intermuscular fat area and low attenuation muscle area were evaluated by applying the Hounsfield unit of interest (-190; -30, and -29; +29 respectively). Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between predictors and mortality risk. Results: We enrolled 212 patients, aged 68.8 (±14.7) years, 65.5% (139/212) male. Median follow-up was 19.7 (interquartile range [IQR] 2.7-35) months. Sarcopenic obesity was diagnosed in 19.8% of patients and was associated with increased mortality (HR: 3.29 (1.72; 6.27), P < 0.001), and with the presence of myosteatosis. Both intermuscular fat area and low attenuation muscle area were associated with increased mortality in adjusted analyses. Conclusions: Patients with sarcopenic obesity have increased myosteatosis. Sarcopenic obesity and myosteatosis are associated with increased mortality in patients on HD.
2023
Sarcopenic obesity and its relation with muscle quality and mortality in patients on chronic hemodialysis / Sabatino, Alice; Avesani, Carla Maria; Regolisti, Giuseppe; Adinolfi, Marianna; Benigno, Giuseppe; Delsante, Marco; Fiaccadori, Enrico; Gandolfini, Ilaria. - In: CLINICAL NUTRITION. - ISSN 0261-5614. - 42:8(2023), pp. 1359-1368. [10.1016/j.clnu.2023.06.032]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2953018
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact