Objective-MicroRNAs play key roles in modulating a variety of cellular processes by posttranscriptional regulation of their target genes. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR2), and fibroblast growth factor receptor-1 (FGFR1) were identified by bioinformatic approaches and subsequently validated as targets of microRNA (miR)-16 and miR-424 in endothelial cells (ECs). Methods and Results-Mimetics of these microRNAs reduced VEGF, VEGFR2, and FGFR1 expression, whereas specific antagonists enhanced their expression. Expression of mature miR-16 and miR-424 was upregulated on VEGF or basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) treatment. This upregulation was accompanied by a parallel increase in primary transcript (pri-miR)-16-1 and pri-miR-16-2 but not in pri-miR-424 levels, indicating a VEGF/bFGF-dependent transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulation of miR-16 and miR-424, respectively. Reduced expression of VEGFR2 and FGFR1 by miR-16 or miR-424 overexpression regulated VEGF and bFGF signaling through these receptors, thereby affecting the activity of downstream components of the pathways. Functionally, miR-16 or miR-424 overexpression reduced proliferation, migration, and cord formation of ECs in vitro, and lentiviral overexpression of miR-16 reduced the ability of ECs to form blood vessels in vivo. Conclusion-We conclude that these miRNAs fine-tune the expression of selected endothelial angiogenic mediators in response to these growth factors. Altogether, these findings suggest that miR-16 and miR-424 play important roles in regulating cell-intrinsic angiogenic activity of ECs. (Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2011;31:2595-2606.)

MicroRNA-16 and MicroRNA-424 Regulate Cell-Autonomous Angiogenic Functions in Endothelial Cells via Targeting Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 and Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor-1 / Chamorro-Jorganes, A; Araldi, E; Penalva, Lof; Sandhu, D; Fernandez-Hernando, C; Suarez, Y. - In: ARTERIOSCLEROSIS, THROMBOSIS, AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1079-5642. - 31:11(2011), pp. 2595-U578. [10.1161/ATVBAHA.111.236521]

MicroRNA-16 and MicroRNA-424 Regulate Cell-Autonomous Angiogenic Functions in Endothelial Cells via Targeting Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 and Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor-1

Araldi E;
2011-01-01

Abstract

Objective-MicroRNAs play key roles in modulating a variety of cellular processes by posttranscriptional regulation of their target genes. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR2), and fibroblast growth factor receptor-1 (FGFR1) were identified by bioinformatic approaches and subsequently validated as targets of microRNA (miR)-16 and miR-424 in endothelial cells (ECs). Methods and Results-Mimetics of these microRNAs reduced VEGF, VEGFR2, and FGFR1 expression, whereas specific antagonists enhanced their expression. Expression of mature miR-16 and miR-424 was upregulated on VEGF or basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) treatment. This upregulation was accompanied by a parallel increase in primary transcript (pri-miR)-16-1 and pri-miR-16-2 but not in pri-miR-424 levels, indicating a VEGF/bFGF-dependent transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulation of miR-16 and miR-424, respectively. Reduced expression of VEGFR2 and FGFR1 by miR-16 or miR-424 overexpression regulated VEGF and bFGF signaling through these receptors, thereby affecting the activity of downstream components of the pathways. Functionally, miR-16 or miR-424 overexpression reduced proliferation, migration, and cord formation of ECs in vitro, and lentiviral overexpression of miR-16 reduced the ability of ECs to form blood vessels in vivo. Conclusion-We conclude that these miRNAs fine-tune the expression of selected endothelial angiogenic mediators in response to these growth factors. Altogether, these findings suggest that miR-16 and miR-424 play important roles in regulating cell-intrinsic angiogenic activity of ECs. (Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2011;31:2595-2606.)
2011
MicroRNA-16 and MicroRNA-424 Regulate Cell-Autonomous Angiogenic Functions in Endothelial Cells via Targeting Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 and Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor-1 / Chamorro-Jorganes, A; Araldi, E; Penalva, Lof; Sandhu, D; Fernandez-Hernando, C; Suarez, Y. - In: ARTERIOSCLEROSIS, THROMBOSIS, AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1079-5642. - 31:11(2011), pp. 2595-U578. [10.1161/ATVBAHA.111.236521]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2951952
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 210
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 201
social impact