The importance of non-canonical DNA structures such as G-quadruplexes (G4) and intercalating-motifs (iMs) in the fine regulation of a variety of cellular processes has been recently demonstrated. As the crucial roles of these structures are being unravelled, it is becoming more and more important to develop tools that allow targeting these structures with the highest possible specificity. While targeting methodologies have been reported for G4s, this is not the case for iMs, as evidenced by the limited number of specific ligands able to bind the latter and the total absence of selective alkylating agents for their covalent targeting. Furthermore, strategies for the sequence-specific covalent targeting of G4s and iMs have not been reported thus far. Herein, we describe a simple methodology to achieve sequence-specific covalent targeting of G4 and iM DNA structures based on the combination of (i) a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) recognizing a specific sequence of interest, (ii) a pro-reactive moiety enabling a controlled alkylation reaction, and (iii) a G4 or iM ligand orienting the alkylating warhead to the reactive residues. This multi-component system allows for the targeting of specific G4 or iM sequences of interest in the presence of competing DNA sequences and under biologically relevant conditions.

A red light-triggered chemical tool for sequence-specific alkylation of G-quadruplex and I-motif DNA / Cadoni, Enrico; De Paepe, Lessandro; Colpaert, Gertjan; Tack, Ruben; Waegeman, Dries; Manicardi, Alex; Madder, Annemieke. - In: NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH. - ISSN 0305-1048. - 51:9(2023), pp. 4112-4125. [10.1093/nar/gkad189]

A red light-triggered chemical tool for sequence-specific alkylation of G-quadruplex and I-motif DNA

Manicardi, Alex
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The importance of non-canonical DNA structures such as G-quadruplexes (G4) and intercalating-motifs (iMs) in the fine regulation of a variety of cellular processes has been recently demonstrated. As the crucial roles of these structures are being unravelled, it is becoming more and more important to develop tools that allow targeting these structures with the highest possible specificity. While targeting methodologies have been reported for G4s, this is not the case for iMs, as evidenced by the limited number of specific ligands able to bind the latter and the total absence of selective alkylating agents for their covalent targeting. Furthermore, strategies for the sequence-specific covalent targeting of G4s and iMs have not been reported thus far. Herein, we describe a simple methodology to achieve sequence-specific covalent targeting of G4 and iM DNA structures based on the combination of (i) a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) recognizing a specific sequence of interest, (ii) a pro-reactive moiety enabling a controlled alkylation reaction, and (iii) a G4 or iM ligand orienting the alkylating warhead to the reactive residues. This multi-component system allows for the targeting of specific G4 or iM sequences of interest in the presence of competing DNA sequences and under biologically relevant conditions.
2023
A red light-triggered chemical tool for sequence-specific alkylation of G-quadruplex and I-motif DNA / Cadoni, Enrico; De Paepe, Lessandro; Colpaert, Gertjan; Tack, Ruben; Waegeman, Dries; Manicardi, Alex; Madder, Annemieke. - In: NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH. - ISSN 0305-1048. - 51:9(2023), pp. 4112-4125. [10.1093/nar/gkad189]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2949272
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