Only in Europe, every year around 29 million tons of plastic waste are generated and only about 35% of such waste is collected for recycling. This results in huge amounts of plastic waste threatening the environment. One of the possible solutions for disposal can be represented by the concrete industry. Several research works have already studied the use of plastic waste in concrete mix as partial replacement for aggregates, showing that this use of plastics can contribute to reducing the environmental impact of concrete production by saving non-renewable resources. At the same time, lightweight concrete can be produced but at a non-negligible cost of a mechanical strength reduction. This work aims at investigating the effects on concrete physical and mechanical performances resulting from the introduction of recycled plastic aggregates in combination with another kind of waste used as filler, namely biochar. Biochar, which is the solid carbonaceous by-product resulting from wood-waste pyro-gasification, can have the role of carbon sequestrating additive in concrete, being able to fix carbon in a stable form in buildings for decades. The experimental findings obtained in this work show that the combination of biochar and recycled plastic waste, which was never investigated before, can help to obtain concretes with satisfactory mechanical performance, which promote circular economy principles. Thanks to biochar addition, the reduction in mechanical properties due to the presence of plastics is extremely limited with respect to control; moreover, these concretes demonstrate better behavior in terms of fracture energy and ductility.

Combined effects of biochar and recycled plastic aggregates on mechanical behavior of concrete / Sirico, Alice; Bernardi, Patrizia; Sciancalepore, Corrado; Belletti, Beatrice; Milanese, Daniel; Malcevschi, Alessio. - In: STRUCTURAL CONCRETE. - ISSN 1751-7648. - 24:5(2023), pp. 6721-6737. [10.1002/suco.202200949]

Combined effects of biochar and recycled plastic aggregates on mechanical behavior of concrete

Alice Sirico;Patrizia Bernardi
;
Corrado Sciancalepore;Beatrice Belletti;Daniel Milanese;Alessio Malcevschi
2023-01-01

Abstract

Only in Europe, every year around 29 million tons of plastic waste are generated and only about 35% of such waste is collected for recycling. This results in huge amounts of plastic waste threatening the environment. One of the possible solutions for disposal can be represented by the concrete industry. Several research works have already studied the use of plastic waste in concrete mix as partial replacement for aggregates, showing that this use of plastics can contribute to reducing the environmental impact of concrete production by saving non-renewable resources. At the same time, lightweight concrete can be produced but at a non-negligible cost of a mechanical strength reduction. This work aims at investigating the effects on concrete physical and mechanical performances resulting from the introduction of recycled plastic aggregates in combination with another kind of waste used as filler, namely biochar. Biochar, which is the solid carbonaceous by-product resulting from wood-waste pyro-gasification, can have the role of carbon sequestrating additive in concrete, being able to fix carbon in a stable form in buildings for decades. The experimental findings obtained in this work show that the combination of biochar and recycled plastic waste, which was never investigated before, can help to obtain concretes with satisfactory mechanical performance, which promote circular economy principles. Thanks to biochar addition, the reduction in mechanical properties due to the presence of plastics is extremely limited with respect to control; moreover, these concretes demonstrate better behavior in terms of fracture energy and ductility.
2023
Combined effects of biochar and recycled plastic aggregates on mechanical behavior of concrete / Sirico, Alice; Bernardi, Patrizia; Sciancalepore, Corrado; Belletti, Beatrice; Milanese, Daniel; Malcevschi, Alessio. - In: STRUCTURAL CONCRETE. - ISSN 1751-7648. - 24:5(2023), pp. 6721-6737. [10.1002/suco.202200949]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2946732
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