Epidote group minerals are one of the three most abundant kinds of heavy minerals in orogenic sediments, the other two being amphibole and garnet. They resist diagenesis better than amphibole and resist weathering in soils better than garnet. Their chemical composition and optical properties vary markedly and systematically with temperature and pressure conditions during growth. Useful information on the metamorphic grade of source rocks can thus be obtained by provenance analysis. In this study, we combine optical, SEM–EDS, and Raman analyses of nine standard crystals of epidote group minerals collected from different rock units exposed in the European Alps and Apennines and develop a Raman library for efficient discrimination of epidote, clinozoisite, zoisite, and allanite by establishing clear user-oriented relationships among optical properties, chemical composition, and Raman fingerprint. This new library allows us to distinguish and reliably determine, directly from their Raman spectrum, the chemical compositions of epidote group minerals during routine heavy mineral analyses of sand/sandstone and silt/siltstone samples down to the size of a few microns. The validity of the approach is illustrated by its application to 41 Bengal Fan turbidites collected from five cores during IODP Expedition 354 and ranging in grain size from medium sand to fine silt.

Discrimination of Clinozoisite–Epidote Series by Raman Spectroscopy: An application to Bengal Fan Turbidites (IODP Expedition 354) / Limonta, M.; Ando, S.; Bersani, D.; Garzanti, E.. - In: GEOSCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3263. - 12:12(2022), p. 442.442. [10.3390/geosciences12120442]

Discrimination of Clinozoisite–Epidote Series by Raman Spectroscopy: An application to Bengal Fan Turbidites (IODP Expedition 354)

Bersani D.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Epidote group minerals are one of the three most abundant kinds of heavy minerals in orogenic sediments, the other two being amphibole and garnet. They resist diagenesis better than amphibole and resist weathering in soils better than garnet. Their chemical composition and optical properties vary markedly and systematically with temperature and pressure conditions during growth. Useful information on the metamorphic grade of source rocks can thus be obtained by provenance analysis. In this study, we combine optical, SEM–EDS, and Raman analyses of nine standard crystals of epidote group minerals collected from different rock units exposed in the European Alps and Apennines and develop a Raman library for efficient discrimination of epidote, clinozoisite, zoisite, and allanite by establishing clear user-oriented relationships among optical properties, chemical composition, and Raman fingerprint. This new library allows us to distinguish and reliably determine, directly from their Raman spectrum, the chemical compositions of epidote group minerals during routine heavy mineral analyses of sand/sandstone and silt/siltstone samples down to the size of a few microns. The validity of the approach is illustrated by its application to 41 Bengal Fan turbidites collected from five cores during IODP Expedition 354 and ranging in grain size from medium sand to fine silt.
2022
Discrimination of Clinozoisite–Epidote Series by Raman Spectroscopy: An application to Bengal Fan Turbidites (IODP Expedition 354) / Limonta, M.; Ando, S.; Bersani, D.; Garzanti, E.. - In: GEOSCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3263. - 12:12(2022), p. 442.442. [10.3390/geosciences12120442]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2943571
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