We investigate the prevalence of germline mutations in cancer predisposition genes in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) or suspected related hereditary syndromes. Methods: we enrolled for NGS with an Illumina TrueSight Cancer panel comprising 19 CPGs and 113 consecutive subjects referred to cancer genetic clinics for metastatic PDAC, early onset PDAC, suspected hereditary syndrome, or positive family history. Results: Overall, 23 (20.1%) subjects were carriers of 24 pathogenetic variants (PVs). We found 9 variants in BRCA2 (37.5%), 6 in CDKN2A (25%), 3 in ATM (12.5%), 2 in BRCA1 (8.3%), 1 in CHEK2 (4.1%), 1 in PALB2 (4.1%), 1 in MITF (4.1%), and 1 in FANCM (4.1%). A double PV (BRCA1 plus BRCA2) was found in 1 subject. We observed a nearly 30% (16/55) mutational rate in the subgroup of subjects tested for the suspected syndromes (PDAC and other synchronous or metachronous tumors or an indicative family history), and the frequency was significantly higher than that in patients with only metastatic PDAC (p = 0.05). In our cohort, 39 variants of unknown significance (VUS) were identified, most of which (16/39, 41%) in genes belonging to the Lynch syndrome spectrum. Conclusion: A clinically relevant proportion of pancreatic cancer is associated with mutations in known predisposition genes. Guidelines instructing on an adequate selection for accessing genetic testing are eagerly needed. The heterogeneity of mutations identified in this study reinforces the value of using a multiple-gene panel in pancreatic cancer.

Prevalence of Germline Mutations in Cancer Predisposition Genes in Patients with Pancreatic Cancer or Suspected Related Hereditary Syndromes: Historical Prospective Analysis / Dal Buono, A.; Poliani, L.; Greco, L.; Bianchi, P.; Barile, M.; Giatti, V.; Bonifacio, C.; Carrara, S.; Malesci, A.; Laghi, L.. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 15:6(2023), p. 1852.1852. [10.3390/cancers15061852]

Prevalence of Germline Mutations in Cancer Predisposition Genes in Patients with Pancreatic Cancer or Suspected Related Hereditary Syndromes: Historical Prospective Analysis

Laghi L.
Supervision
2023-01-01

Abstract

We investigate the prevalence of germline mutations in cancer predisposition genes in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) or suspected related hereditary syndromes. Methods: we enrolled for NGS with an Illumina TrueSight Cancer panel comprising 19 CPGs and 113 consecutive subjects referred to cancer genetic clinics for metastatic PDAC, early onset PDAC, suspected hereditary syndrome, or positive family history. Results: Overall, 23 (20.1%) subjects were carriers of 24 pathogenetic variants (PVs). We found 9 variants in BRCA2 (37.5%), 6 in CDKN2A (25%), 3 in ATM (12.5%), 2 in BRCA1 (8.3%), 1 in CHEK2 (4.1%), 1 in PALB2 (4.1%), 1 in MITF (4.1%), and 1 in FANCM (4.1%). A double PV (BRCA1 plus BRCA2) was found in 1 subject. We observed a nearly 30% (16/55) mutational rate in the subgroup of subjects tested for the suspected syndromes (PDAC and other synchronous or metachronous tumors or an indicative family history), and the frequency was significantly higher than that in patients with only metastatic PDAC (p = 0.05). In our cohort, 39 variants of unknown significance (VUS) were identified, most of which (16/39, 41%) in genes belonging to the Lynch syndrome spectrum. Conclusion: A clinically relevant proportion of pancreatic cancer is associated with mutations in known predisposition genes. Guidelines instructing on an adequate selection for accessing genetic testing are eagerly needed. The heterogeneity of mutations identified in this study reinforces the value of using a multiple-gene panel in pancreatic cancer.
2023
Prevalence of Germline Mutations in Cancer Predisposition Genes in Patients with Pancreatic Cancer or Suspected Related Hereditary Syndromes: Historical Prospective Analysis / Dal Buono, A.; Poliani, L.; Greco, L.; Bianchi, P.; Barile, M.; Giatti, V.; Bonifacio, C.; Carrara, S.; Malesci, A.; Laghi, L.. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 15:6(2023), p. 1852.1852. [10.3390/cancers15061852]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2942312
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