Introduction: Over the last decade, the field of medical imaging experienced an exponential growth, leading to the development of radiomics, with which innumerable quantitative features are obtained from digital medical images, providing a comprehensive characterization of the tumor. This review aims to assess the role of this emerging diagnostic tool in breast cancer, focusing on the ability of radiomics to predict malignancy, response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, prognostic factors, molecular subtypes, and risk of recurrence. Evidence Acquisition: A literature search on PubMed and on Cochrane database websites to retrieve English-written systematic reviews, review articles, meta-analyses, and randomized clinical trials published from August 2013 up to July 2018 was carried out. Results: Twenty papers (19 retrospective and 1 prospective studies) conducted with different conventional imaging modalities were included. Discussion: The integration of quantitative information with clinical, histological, and genomic data could enable clinicians to provide personalized treatments for breast cancer patients. Current limitations of a routinely application of radiomics are represented by the limited knowledge of its basics concepts among radiologists and by the lack of efficient and standardized systems of feature extraction and data sharing.

A New Challenge for Radiologists: Radiomics in Breast Cancer / Crivelli, Paola; Ledda, Roberta Eufrasia; Parascandolo, Nicola; Fara, Alberto; Soro, Daniela; Conti, Maurizio. - In: BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 2314-6141. - 2018:6120703(2018), pp. 1-10. [10.1155/2018/6120703]

A New Challenge for Radiologists: Radiomics in Breast Cancer

Ledda, Roberta Eufrasia;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Over the last decade, the field of medical imaging experienced an exponential growth, leading to the development of radiomics, with which innumerable quantitative features are obtained from digital medical images, providing a comprehensive characterization of the tumor. This review aims to assess the role of this emerging diagnostic tool in breast cancer, focusing on the ability of radiomics to predict malignancy, response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, prognostic factors, molecular subtypes, and risk of recurrence. Evidence Acquisition: A literature search on PubMed and on Cochrane database websites to retrieve English-written systematic reviews, review articles, meta-analyses, and randomized clinical trials published from August 2013 up to July 2018 was carried out. Results: Twenty papers (19 retrospective and 1 prospective studies) conducted with different conventional imaging modalities were included. Discussion: The integration of quantitative information with clinical, histological, and genomic data could enable clinicians to provide personalized treatments for breast cancer patients. Current limitations of a routinely application of radiomics are represented by the limited knowledge of its basics concepts among radiologists and by the lack of efficient and standardized systems of feature extraction and data sharing.
2018
A New Challenge for Radiologists: Radiomics in Breast Cancer / Crivelli, Paola; Ledda, Roberta Eufrasia; Parascandolo, Nicola; Fara, Alberto; Soro, Daniela; Conti, Maurizio. - In: BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 2314-6141. - 2018:6120703(2018), pp. 1-10. [10.1155/2018/6120703]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2941676
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