The main features that are commonly attributed to mitochondria consist of the regulation of cell proliferation, ATP generation, cell death and metabolism. However, recent scientific advances reveal that the intrinsic dynamicity of the mitochondrial compartment also plays a central role in proinflammatory signaling, identifying these organelles as a central platform for the control of innate immunity and the inflammatory response. Thus, mitochondrial dysfunctions have been related to severe chronic inflammatory disorders. Strategies aimed at reestablishing normal mitochondrial physiology could represent both preventive and therapeutic interventions for various pathologies related to exacerbated inflammation. Here, we explore the current understanding of the intricate interplay between mitochondria and the innate immune response in specific inflammatory diseases, such as neurological disorders and cancer.

The Role of Mitochondria in Inflammation: From Cancer to Neurodegenerative Disorders / Missiroli, Sonia; Genovese, Ilaria; Perrone, Mariasole; Vezzani, Bianca; Vitto, Veronica A M; Giorgi, Carlotta. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 9:3(2020), pp. 740-1-740-25. [10.3390/jcm9030740]

The Role of Mitochondria in Inflammation: From Cancer to Neurodegenerative Disorders

Vezzani, Bianca;
2020-01-01

Abstract

The main features that are commonly attributed to mitochondria consist of the regulation of cell proliferation, ATP generation, cell death and metabolism. However, recent scientific advances reveal that the intrinsic dynamicity of the mitochondrial compartment also plays a central role in proinflammatory signaling, identifying these organelles as a central platform for the control of innate immunity and the inflammatory response. Thus, mitochondrial dysfunctions have been related to severe chronic inflammatory disorders. Strategies aimed at reestablishing normal mitochondrial physiology could represent both preventive and therapeutic interventions for various pathologies related to exacerbated inflammation. Here, we explore the current understanding of the intricate interplay between mitochondria and the innate immune response in specific inflammatory diseases, such as neurological disorders and cancer.
2020
The Role of Mitochondria in Inflammation: From Cancer to Neurodegenerative Disorders / Missiroli, Sonia; Genovese, Ilaria; Perrone, Mariasole; Vezzani, Bianca; Vitto, Veronica A M; Giorgi, Carlotta. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 9:3(2020), pp. 740-1-740-25. [10.3390/jcm9030740]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2937457
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