Kneading is one of the most important steps in the bread-making process of wheat flour. The quality of wheat breads mostly depends on the proper development of the gluten network, making the measurement of dough readiness or development a key processing factor. This paper provides a review of both standard and alternative methods of measuring bread dough readiness. Although optimum dough development is commonly measured using descriptive rheological tests (i.e., Farinograph and Mixograph tests), the reference methods showed several limits, resulting in a poor correlation with bread quality. Some alternative methods were proposed for a more accurate determination of bread dough readiness and their potentiality is discussed as a function of the field of application. However, the scant information about alternative methods reported in the literature outlines the necessity to encourage further investigations on this topic.

The determination of bread dough readiness during kneading of wheat flour: A review of the available methods / Parenti, O.; Guerrini, L.; Mompin, S. B.; Toldra, M.; Zanoni, B.. - In: JOURNAL OF FOOD ENGINEERING. - ISSN 0260-8774. - 309:(2021), pp. 1-19. [10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2021.110692]

The determination of bread dough readiness during kneading of wheat flour: A review of the available methods

Parenti O.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Kneading is one of the most important steps in the bread-making process of wheat flour. The quality of wheat breads mostly depends on the proper development of the gluten network, making the measurement of dough readiness or development a key processing factor. This paper provides a review of both standard and alternative methods of measuring bread dough readiness. Although optimum dough development is commonly measured using descriptive rheological tests (i.e., Farinograph and Mixograph tests), the reference methods showed several limits, resulting in a poor correlation with bread quality. Some alternative methods were proposed for a more accurate determination of bread dough readiness and their potentiality is discussed as a function of the field of application. However, the scant information about alternative methods reported in the literature outlines the necessity to encourage further investigations on this topic.
2021
The determination of bread dough readiness during kneading of wheat flour: A review of the available methods / Parenti, O.; Guerrini, L.; Mompin, S. B.; Toldra, M.; Zanoni, B.. - In: JOURNAL OF FOOD ENGINEERING. - ISSN 0260-8774. - 309:(2021), pp. 1-19. [10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2021.110692]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2937439
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