Purpose: It has previously been found that imposing positive defocus changes axial length and choroidal thickness after only 30 min. In the present study, we investigated whether these changes may result from an altered choroidal blood flow. Methods: Eighteen young adult subjects watched a movie from a large screen (65 in.) in a dark room at 2 m distance. A 15-min wash-out period was followed by 30 min of watching the movie with a monocular positive defocus (+ 2.5D). Changes in axial length and ocular blood flow were measured before and after the defocus, by using low-coherent interferometer (LS 900, Haag-Streit, Switzerland) and a laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) RetFlow unit (Nidek Co., LTD, Japan), respectively. Three regions were analyzed: (1) the macular area, where choroidal blood flow can be measured, (2) the optic nerve head (ONH), and (3) retinal vessel segments. Results: Changes in choroidal blood flow were significantly and negatively correlated with changes in axial length that followed positive defocus in exposed eyes (R = − 0.67, p < 0.01). The absolute values of changes in choroidal blood flow in the defocused eyes were significantly larger than in the fellow control eyes (2.35 ± 2.16 AU vs. 1.37 ± 1.44 AU, respectively, p < 0.05). ONH and retinal blood flow were not associated with the induced changes in axial length. Conclusions: Positive defocus selectively alters choroidal, but not retinal or ONH blood flow in young human subjects after short-term visual exposure. The results suggest that blood flow modulation is involved in the mechanism of choroidal responses to optical defocus.

Imposed positive defocus changes choroidal blood flow in young human subjects / Swiatczak, B.; Schaeffel, F.; Calzetti, G.. - In: GRAEFE'S ARCHIVE FOR CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL OPHTHALMOLOGY. - ISSN 0721-832X. - 261:1(2023), pp. 115-125. [10.1007/s00417-022-05842-z]

Imposed positive defocus changes choroidal blood flow in young human subjects

Calzetti G.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: It has previously been found that imposing positive defocus changes axial length and choroidal thickness after only 30 min. In the present study, we investigated whether these changes may result from an altered choroidal blood flow. Methods: Eighteen young adult subjects watched a movie from a large screen (65 in.) in a dark room at 2 m distance. A 15-min wash-out period was followed by 30 min of watching the movie with a monocular positive defocus (+ 2.5D). Changes in axial length and ocular blood flow were measured before and after the defocus, by using low-coherent interferometer (LS 900, Haag-Streit, Switzerland) and a laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) RetFlow unit (Nidek Co., LTD, Japan), respectively. Three regions were analyzed: (1) the macular area, where choroidal blood flow can be measured, (2) the optic nerve head (ONH), and (3) retinal vessel segments. Results: Changes in choroidal blood flow were significantly and negatively correlated with changes in axial length that followed positive defocus in exposed eyes (R = − 0.67, p < 0.01). The absolute values of changes in choroidal blood flow in the defocused eyes were significantly larger than in the fellow control eyes (2.35 ± 2.16 AU vs. 1.37 ± 1.44 AU, respectively, p < 0.05). ONH and retinal blood flow were not associated with the induced changes in axial length. Conclusions: Positive defocus selectively alters choroidal, but not retinal or ONH blood flow in young human subjects after short-term visual exposure. The results suggest that blood flow modulation is involved in the mechanism of choroidal responses to optical defocus.
Imposed positive defocus changes choroidal blood flow in young human subjects / Swiatczak, B.; Schaeffel, F.; Calzetti, G.. - In: GRAEFE'S ARCHIVE FOR CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL OPHTHALMOLOGY. - ISSN 0721-832X. - 261:1(2023), pp. 115-125. [10.1007/s00417-022-05842-z]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2936513
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