: Irisin is a hormone able to reproduce some of the positive effects of physical activity and diet. Recently, we demonstrated the presence of Irisin at the ovarian level as a potential physiological regulator of follicular function. Adipose tissue is crucial for reproductive function through its metabolic activity and the production of adipokines. At present, the exact nature of adipocyte precursors is still under debate, but an important role has been assigned to the population of adipose tissue mesenchymal stromal cells (ASCs) of perivascular origin. It should be noted that, when appropriately stimulated, ASCs can differentiate into preadipocytes and, subsequently, adipocytes. Therefore, this present study was undertaken to explore the potential effect of Irisin on ASCs, known for their high differentiative potential. Since Irisin expression in ASCs was confirmed by PCR, we tested its potential effects on the main functional activities of these cells, including proliferation (BrdU uptake); metabolic activity (ATP production); redox status, evaluated as the generation of free molecules such as superoxide anion and nitric oxide; and scavenger activities, assessed as both enzymatic (superoxide dismutase) and non-enzymatic antioxidant power. Moreover, we tested the effect of Irisin on ASCs adipogenic differentiation. BrdU uptake was significantly (p < 0.001) inhibited by Irisin, while ATP production was significantly (p < 0.05) increased. Both superoxide anion and nitric oxide generation were significantly increased (p < 0.001) by Irisin, while scavenger activity was significantly reduced (p < 0.05). Irisin was found to significantly (p < 0.05) inhibit ASCs adipogenic differentiation. Taken together, the present results suggest a potential local role of Irisin in the regulation of adipose tissue function.

Effects of the Myokine Irisin on Stromal Cells from Swine Adipose Tissue / Basini, G; Bussolati, S; Grolli, S; Berni, P; Di Lecce, R; Grasselli, F. - In: BIOMOLECULES. - ISSN 2218-273X. - 12:(2022), pp. 1895.1-1895.13. [10.3390/biom12121895]

Effects of the Myokine Irisin on Stromal Cells from Swine Adipose Tissue

Basini G
;
Bussolati S;Grolli S;Berni P;Di Lecce R;Grasselli F
2022-01-01

Abstract

: Irisin is a hormone able to reproduce some of the positive effects of physical activity and diet. Recently, we demonstrated the presence of Irisin at the ovarian level as a potential physiological regulator of follicular function. Adipose tissue is crucial for reproductive function through its metabolic activity and the production of adipokines. At present, the exact nature of adipocyte precursors is still under debate, but an important role has been assigned to the population of adipose tissue mesenchymal stromal cells (ASCs) of perivascular origin. It should be noted that, when appropriately stimulated, ASCs can differentiate into preadipocytes and, subsequently, adipocytes. Therefore, this present study was undertaken to explore the potential effect of Irisin on ASCs, known for their high differentiative potential. Since Irisin expression in ASCs was confirmed by PCR, we tested its potential effects on the main functional activities of these cells, including proliferation (BrdU uptake); metabolic activity (ATP production); redox status, evaluated as the generation of free molecules such as superoxide anion and nitric oxide; and scavenger activities, assessed as both enzymatic (superoxide dismutase) and non-enzymatic antioxidant power. Moreover, we tested the effect of Irisin on ASCs adipogenic differentiation. BrdU uptake was significantly (p < 0.001) inhibited by Irisin, while ATP production was significantly (p < 0.05) increased. Both superoxide anion and nitric oxide generation were significantly increased (p < 0.001) by Irisin, while scavenger activity was significantly reduced (p < 0.05). Irisin was found to significantly (p < 0.05) inhibit ASCs adipogenic differentiation. Taken together, the present results suggest a potential local role of Irisin in the regulation of adipose tissue function.
2022
Effects of the Myokine Irisin on Stromal Cells from Swine Adipose Tissue / Basini, G; Bussolati, S; Grolli, S; Berni, P; Di Lecce, R; Grasselli, F. - In: BIOMOLECULES. - ISSN 2218-273X. - 12:(2022), pp. 1895.1-1895.13. [10.3390/biom12121895]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2936435
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