Aim: In schizophrenia, subjectively perceived disruptions of the sense of the Self (also referred to as “self-disorders”) seem to be intimately associated with a perturbation of the implicit awareness of one's own body. Indeed, an early impairment of the motor system, including posture and gait, is now considered a marker of schizophrenia neurodevelopmental substrate and appears more pronounced in early-onset schizophrenia. Therefore, the present study was aimed at: (1) investigating a possible relationship between self-disorders, symptom dimensions and postural and gait profile in schizophrenia; (2) identifying a specific motor profile in early-onset conditions. Methods: A total of 43 schizophrenia outpatients and 38 healthy controls underwent an exhaustive investigation of posture and gait pattern. The positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS), the examination of anomalous self experience scale (EASE) and the abnormal involuntary movement scale (AIMS) were administered to the schizophrenia group. Subsequently, schizophrenia patients were divided into early and adult-onset subgroups and compared with respect to their motor profile. Results: We found an association between specific postural patterns (impaired sway area), a general disruption of the gait cycle and subjective bodily experiences (concerning the loss of bodily integrity, cohesion and demarcation). Only motor parameters (increased sway area and gait cadence reduction) differentiated between early and adult-onset patients. Conclusion: The results of the present study hint at a link between motor impairment and self-disturbances in schizophrenia and candidate a specific motor profile as a possible marker of early-onset forms.

Posture, gait and self-disorders: An empirical study in individuals with schizophrenia / Tonna, M.; Lucarini, V.; Lucchese, J.; Presta, V.; Paraboschi, F.; Marsella, F.; Daniel, B. D.; Vitale, M.; Marchesi, C.; Gobbi, G.. - In: EARLY INTERVENTION IN PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 1751-7885. - 17:5(2023), pp. 447-461. [10.1111/eip.13340]

Posture, gait and self-disorders: An empirical study in individuals with schizophrenia

Tonna M.;Presta V.;Marchesi C.;Gobbi G.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Aim: In schizophrenia, subjectively perceived disruptions of the sense of the Self (also referred to as “self-disorders”) seem to be intimately associated with a perturbation of the implicit awareness of one's own body. Indeed, an early impairment of the motor system, including posture and gait, is now considered a marker of schizophrenia neurodevelopmental substrate and appears more pronounced in early-onset schizophrenia. Therefore, the present study was aimed at: (1) investigating a possible relationship between self-disorders, symptom dimensions and postural and gait profile in schizophrenia; (2) identifying a specific motor profile in early-onset conditions. Methods: A total of 43 schizophrenia outpatients and 38 healthy controls underwent an exhaustive investigation of posture and gait pattern. The positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS), the examination of anomalous self experience scale (EASE) and the abnormal involuntary movement scale (AIMS) were administered to the schizophrenia group. Subsequently, schizophrenia patients were divided into early and adult-onset subgroups and compared with respect to their motor profile. Results: We found an association between specific postural patterns (impaired sway area), a general disruption of the gait cycle and subjective bodily experiences (concerning the loss of bodily integrity, cohesion and demarcation). Only motor parameters (increased sway area and gait cadence reduction) differentiated between early and adult-onset patients. Conclusion: The results of the present study hint at a link between motor impairment and self-disturbances in schizophrenia and candidate a specific motor profile as a possible marker of early-onset forms.
2023
Posture, gait and self-disorders: An empirical study in individuals with schizophrenia / Tonna, M.; Lucarini, V.; Lucchese, J.; Presta, V.; Paraboschi, F.; Marsella, F.; Daniel, B. D.; Vitale, M.; Marchesi, C.; Gobbi, G.. - In: EARLY INTERVENTION IN PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 1751-7885. - 17:5(2023), pp. 447-461. [10.1111/eip.13340]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2934775
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