A bipartite graph G= (A, B, E) is H -convex, for some family of graphs H, if there exists a graph H∈ H with V(H) = A such that the set of neighbours in A of each b∈ B induces a connected subgraph of&nbsp;H. Many NP -complete problems become polynomial-time solvable for H -convex graphs when H is the set of paths. In this case, the class of H -convex graphs is known as the class of convex graphs. The underlying reason is that this class has bounded mim-width. We extend the latter result to families of H -convex graphs where (i) H is the set of cycles, or (ii) H is the set of trees with bounded maximum degree and a bounded number of vertices of degree at least&nbsp;3. As a consequence, we can re-prove and strengthen a large number of results on generalized convex graphs known in the literature. To complement result (ii), we show that the mim-width of H -convex graphs is unbounded if H is the set of trees with arbitrarily large maximum degree or an arbitrarily large number of vertices of degree at least&nbsp;3. In this way we are able to determine complexity dichotomies for the aforementioned graph problems. Afterwards we perform a more refined width-parameter analysis, which shows even more clearly which width parameters are bounded for classes of H -convex graphs.

Solving Problems on Generalized Convex Graphs via Mim-Width / Bonomo-Braberman, F.; Brettell, N.; Munaro, A.; Paulusma, D.. - 12808:(2021), pp. 200-214. (Intervento presentato al convegno 17th International Symposium on Algorithms and Data Structures, WADS 2021 nel 2021) [10.1007/978-3-030-83508-8_15].

### Solving Problems on Generalized Convex Graphs via Mim-Width

#### Abstract

A bipartite graph G= (A, B, E) is H -convex, for some family of graphs H, if there exists a graph H∈ H with V(H) = A such that the set of neighbours in A of each b∈ B induces a connected subgraph of H. Many NP -complete problems become polynomial-time solvable for H -convex graphs when H is the set of paths. In this case, the class of H -convex graphs is known as the class of convex graphs. The underlying reason is that this class has bounded mim-width. We extend the latter result to families of H -convex graphs where (i) H is the set of cycles, or (ii) H is the set of trees with bounded maximum degree and a bounded number of vertices of degree at least 3. As a consequence, we can re-prove and strengthen a large number of results on generalized convex graphs known in the literature. To complement result (ii), we show that the mim-width of H -convex graphs is unbounded if H is the set of trees with arbitrarily large maximum degree or an arbitrarily large number of vertices of degree at least 3. In this way we are able to determine complexity dichotomies for the aforementioned graph problems. Afterwards we perform a more refined width-parameter analysis, which shows even more clearly which width parameters are bounded for classes of H -convex graphs.
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2021
978-3-030-83507-1
978-3-030-83508-8
Solving Problems on Generalized Convex Graphs via Mim-Width / Bonomo-Braberman, F.; Brettell, N.; Munaro, A.; Paulusma, D.. - 12808:(2021), pp. 200-214. (Intervento presentato al convegno 17th International Symposium on Algorithms and Data Structures, WADS 2021 nel 2021) [10.1007/978-3-030-83508-8_15].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2934110`
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