The objective of this study was to determine whether diurnal patterns in starch, neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and protein digestibilities and amylolytic, fibrolytic, and proteolytic activities exist in dairy cows. Rumen fluid was collected from 4 ruminally cannulated Holstein dairy cows before the morning feeding and subsequently every 4 h for a 24-h period. Two of the cows were restricted from feed for 8 h overnight, and the other 2 continued to receive their feed ad libitum, to isolate and quantify the effects of changes in feeding behavior at night. After 2 runs the cows were crossed over between night feeding treatments. Rumen fluid was analyzed for enzymatic activity and in vitro starch, NDF, and nitrogen digestibility. Circadian rhythm analyses of enzymatic activity and in vitro digestibility were conducted by fitting the linear form of a cosine function with a 24-h period. Patterns were observed in activity for amylase, lichenase, endoglucanase, and xylanase, with the highest activities observed at the time points subsequent to milking and feed delivery. Protease activity was unaffected by either feeding treatment or possible feeding behavior. When fitted to a cosine function, all the parameters tested followed a daily pattern that was sensitive to the overnight availability of feed, although the parameters responded differently to the feeding treatment. The patterns displayed by in vitro digestibility results of starch, NDF, and nitrogen, across the various fluid collection time points, were highly variable. The time at peak (acrophase) observed in the enzymatic analysis did not correspond to those observed in the in vitro analysis. These results suggest that different interpretations should be given to enzymatic activities and in vitro digestibility values, and the time of rumen fluid collection relative to feeding time should be considered and reported when rumen fluid is used for research or commercial purposes. Maximum digestibility appears in fact to be reached around 4 to 5 h after the main ration delivery for NDF and starch and around ration delivery for protein.

The diurnal patterns of ruminal enzymatic activity and in vitro digestibility of starch, neutral detergent fiber, and protein / Raffrenato, E; Badenhorst, M J; Harvatine, K J; Shipandeni, M N T; du Plessis, L; Esposito, G; van Zyl, W H. - In: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0022-0302. - 105:6(2022), pp. 4961-4970. [10.3168/jds.2021-21350]

The diurnal patterns of ruminal enzymatic activity and in vitro digestibility of starch, neutral detergent fiber, and protein

Esposito, G
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2022

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine whether diurnal patterns in starch, neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and protein digestibilities and amylolytic, fibrolytic, and proteolytic activities exist in dairy cows. Rumen fluid was collected from 4 ruminally cannulated Holstein dairy cows before the morning feeding and subsequently every 4 h for a 24-h period. Two of the cows were restricted from feed for 8 h overnight, and the other 2 continued to receive their feed ad libitum, to isolate and quantify the effects of changes in feeding behavior at night. After 2 runs the cows were crossed over between night feeding treatments. Rumen fluid was analyzed for enzymatic activity and in vitro starch, NDF, and nitrogen digestibility. Circadian rhythm analyses of enzymatic activity and in vitro digestibility were conducted by fitting the linear form of a cosine function with a 24-h period. Patterns were observed in activity for amylase, lichenase, endoglucanase, and xylanase, with the highest activities observed at the time points subsequent to milking and feed delivery. Protease activity was unaffected by either feeding treatment or possible feeding behavior. When fitted to a cosine function, all the parameters tested followed a daily pattern that was sensitive to the overnight availability of feed, although the parameters responded differently to the feeding treatment. The patterns displayed by in vitro digestibility results of starch, NDF, and nitrogen, across the various fluid collection time points, were highly variable. The time at peak (acrophase) observed in the enzymatic analysis did not correspond to those observed in the in vitro analysis. These results suggest that different interpretations should be given to enzymatic activities and in vitro digestibility values, and the time of rumen fluid collection relative to feeding time should be considered and reported when rumen fluid is used for research or commercial purposes. Maximum digestibility appears in fact to be reached around 4 to 5 h after the main ration delivery for NDF and starch and around ration delivery for protein.
The diurnal patterns of ruminal enzymatic activity and in vitro digestibility of starch, neutral detergent fiber, and protein / Raffrenato, E; Badenhorst, M J; Harvatine, K J; Shipandeni, M N T; du Plessis, L; Esposito, G; van Zyl, W H. - In: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0022-0302. - 105:6(2022), pp. 4961-4970. [10.3168/jds.2021-21350]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2933854
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