OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to demonstrate the clinical implications of combined assessment of fractional flow reserve (FFR) and coronary flow reserve (CFR).BACKGROUND Combined assessment of FFR and CFR allows detailed characterization of pathophysiology in chronic coronary syndromes. Data on the clinical implications of distinct FFR and CFR patterns are limited, leading to uncertainty regarding their relevance.METHODS Patients with chronic coronary syndromes and obstructive coronary artery disease were selected from the multicenter ILIAS (Inclusive Invasive Physiological Assessment in Angina Syndromes) registry. Patients were classified into 4 groups on the basis of FFR <0.80 and CFR <2.0. The endpoint was the 5-year target vessel failure (TVF) rate.RESULTS A total of 2,143 patients with 2,725 lesions were included. Compared with normal FFR/normal CFR, low FFR/low CFR carried the highest risk for TVF (HR: 5.4; 95% CI: 3.2-9.3; P < 0.001), significantly higher than in revascularized vessels (P = 0.007). Discordance, with either low FFR/normal CFR or normal FFR/low CFR, was associated with increased TVF rates compared with normal FFR/normal CFR (low FFR/normal CFR: HR: 3.5 [95% CI: 2.2-5.4; P < 0.001]; normal FFR/low CFR: HR: 3.0 [95% CI: 1.9-4.7; P < 0.001]). No difference in 5-year TVF was observed between the 2 discordant groups (P = 0.57) or between the discordant groups and the revascularized group (P = 0.26 vs low FFR/normal CFR; P = 0.60 vs normal FFR/low CFR).CONCLUSIONS Impaired coronary hemodynamics are uniformly associated with increased 5-year TVF rates. Nonrevascularized vessels with discordant FFR and CFR are associated with 5-year event rates that are equivalent to those of vessels that undergo revascularization, whereas vessels with combined low FFR and CFR exhibit event rates that are significantly higher than after revascularization. (C) 2022 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.

Combined Assessment of FFR and CFR for Decision Making in Coronary Revascularization: From the Multicenter International ILIAS Registry / van de Hoef, Tim P; Lee, Joo Myung; Boerhout, Coen K M; de Waard, Guus A; Jung, Ji-Hyun; Lee, Seung Hun; Mejía-Rentería, Hernán; Hoshino, Masahiro; Echavarria-Pinto, Mauro; Meuwissen, Martijn; Matsuo, Hitoshi; Madera-Cambero, Maribel; Eftekhari, Ashkan; Effat, Mohamed A; Murai, Tadashi; Marques, Koen; Doh, Joon-Hyung; Christiansen, Evald H; Banerjee, Rupak; Nam, Chang-Wook; Niccoli, Giampaolo; Nakayama, Masafumi; Tanaka, Nobuhiro; Shin, Eun-Seok; van Royen, Niels; Chamuleau, Steven A J; Knaapen, Paul; Escaned, Javier; Kakuta, Tsunekazu; Koo, Bon Kwon; Piek, Jan J. - In: JACC. CARDIOVASCULAR INTERVENTIONS. - ISSN 1876-7605. - 15:10(2022), pp. 1047-1056. [10.1016/j.jcin.2022.03.016]

Combined Assessment of FFR and CFR for Decision Making in Coronary Revascularization: From the Multicenter International ILIAS Registry

Niccoli, Giampaolo;
2022

Abstract

OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to demonstrate the clinical implications of combined assessment of fractional flow reserve (FFR) and coronary flow reserve (CFR).BACKGROUND Combined assessment of FFR and CFR allows detailed characterization of pathophysiology in chronic coronary syndromes. Data on the clinical implications of distinct FFR and CFR patterns are limited, leading to uncertainty regarding their relevance.METHODS Patients with chronic coronary syndromes and obstructive coronary artery disease were selected from the multicenter ILIAS (Inclusive Invasive Physiological Assessment in Angina Syndromes) registry. Patients were classified into 4 groups on the basis of FFR <0.80 and CFR <2.0. The endpoint was the 5-year target vessel failure (TVF) rate.RESULTS A total of 2,143 patients with 2,725 lesions were included. Compared with normal FFR/normal CFR, low FFR/low CFR carried the highest risk for TVF (HR: 5.4; 95% CI: 3.2-9.3; P < 0.001), significantly higher than in revascularized vessels (P = 0.007). Discordance, with either low FFR/normal CFR or normal FFR/low CFR, was associated with increased TVF rates compared with normal FFR/normal CFR (low FFR/normal CFR: HR: 3.5 [95% CI: 2.2-5.4; P < 0.001]; normal FFR/low CFR: HR: 3.0 [95% CI: 1.9-4.7; P < 0.001]). No difference in 5-year TVF was observed between the 2 discordant groups (P = 0.57) or between the discordant groups and the revascularized group (P = 0.26 vs low FFR/normal CFR; P = 0.60 vs normal FFR/low CFR).CONCLUSIONS Impaired coronary hemodynamics are uniformly associated with increased 5-year TVF rates. Nonrevascularized vessels with discordant FFR and CFR are associated with 5-year event rates that are equivalent to those of vessels that undergo revascularization, whereas vessels with combined low FFR and CFR exhibit event rates that are significantly higher than after revascularization. (C) 2022 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.
Combined Assessment of FFR and CFR for Decision Making in Coronary Revascularization: From the Multicenter International ILIAS Registry / van de Hoef, Tim P; Lee, Joo Myung; Boerhout, Coen K M; de Waard, Guus A; Jung, Ji-Hyun; Lee, Seung Hun; Mejía-Rentería, Hernán; Hoshino, Masahiro; Echavarria-Pinto, Mauro; Meuwissen, Martijn; Matsuo, Hitoshi; Madera-Cambero, Maribel; Eftekhari, Ashkan; Effat, Mohamed A; Murai, Tadashi; Marques, Koen; Doh, Joon-Hyung; Christiansen, Evald H; Banerjee, Rupak; Nam, Chang-Wook; Niccoli, Giampaolo; Nakayama, Masafumi; Tanaka, Nobuhiro; Shin, Eun-Seok; van Royen, Niels; Chamuleau, Steven A J; Knaapen, Paul; Escaned, Javier; Kakuta, Tsunekazu; Koo, Bon Kwon; Piek, Jan J. - In: JACC. CARDIOVASCULAR INTERVENTIONS. - ISSN 1876-7605. - 15:10(2022), pp. 1047-1056. [10.1016/j.jcin.2022.03.016]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2933434
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