Cognitive deficit has been reported in coeliac disease (CD), but previous reports often study heterogenous samples of patients at multiple stages of the disease, or lack control data. Healthy controls (N = 21), newly diagnosed CD patients (NCD; N = 19) and established CD patients (ECD; N = 35) were recruited from a specialist UK centre. Participants underwent a cognitive test battery that established seven overall domain scores. The SF-36 was administered as a quality of life (QoL) measure. Controlling for age, data were compared in between-group ANCOVAs with Tukey’s post-hoc test. Any significant outcome was compared in the ECD group only, between patients who were gluten-free diet adherent vs. non-adherent (defined via Biagi score and serology results). NCD and ECD groups underperformed relative to controls, by comparable degrees, in visual (overall model: p < 0.001) and verbal (p = 0.046) memory. The ECD group only underperformed in visuoconstructive abilities (p = 0.050). Regarding QoL, the NCD group reported lower vitality (p = 0.030), while the ECD group reported more bodily pain (p = 0.009). Comparisons based on dietary adherence were non-significant. These findings confirm cognitive deficit in CD. Dysfunction appears established at the point of diagnosis, after which it (predominantly) stabilises. While a beneficial effect of dietary treatment is therefore implied, future research is needed to establish to what extent any further decline is due to gluten exposure.

Cognitive impairment in coeliac disease with respect to disease duration and gluten-free diet adherence: a pilot study / Croall, I. D.; Tooth, C.; Venneri, A.; Poyser, C.; Sanders, D. S.; Hoggard, N.; Hadjivassiliou, M.. - In: NUTRIENTS. - ISSN 2072-6643. - 12:7(2020), pp. 2028.1-2028.13. [10.3390/nu12072028]

Cognitive impairment in coeliac disease with respect to disease duration and gluten-free diet adherence: a pilot study

Venneri A.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Cognitive deficit has been reported in coeliac disease (CD), but previous reports often study heterogenous samples of patients at multiple stages of the disease, or lack control data. Healthy controls (N = 21), newly diagnosed CD patients (NCD; N = 19) and established CD patients (ECD; N = 35) were recruited from a specialist UK centre. Participants underwent a cognitive test battery that established seven overall domain scores. The SF-36 was administered as a quality of life (QoL) measure. Controlling for age, data were compared in between-group ANCOVAs with Tukey’s post-hoc test. Any significant outcome was compared in the ECD group only, between patients who were gluten-free diet adherent vs. non-adherent (defined via Biagi score and serology results). NCD and ECD groups underperformed relative to controls, by comparable degrees, in visual (overall model: p < 0.001) and verbal (p = 0.046) memory. The ECD group only underperformed in visuoconstructive abilities (p = 0.050). Regarding QoL, the NCD group reported lower vitality (p = 0.030), while the ECD group reported more bodily pain (p = 0.009). Comparisons based on dietary adherence were non-significant. These findings confirm cognitive deficit in CD. Dysfunction appears established at the point of diagnosis, after which it (predominantly) stabilises. While a beneficial effect of dietary treatment is therefore implied, future research is needed to establish to what extent any further decline is due to gluten exposure.
2020
Cognitive impairment in coeliac disease with respect to disease duration and gluten-free diet adherence: a pilot study / Croall, I. D.; Tooth, C.; Venneri, A.; Poyser, C.; Sanders, D. S.; Hoggard, N.; Hadjivassiliou, M.. - In: NUTRIENTS. - ISSN 2072-6643. - 12:7(2020), pp. 2028.1-2028.13. [10.3390/nu12072028]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2933273
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