The Terminal Carbonate Complex (TCC) is an upper Messinian shallow-water succession characterized by abundant oolites deposits and microbial-derived carbonates mainly known from the Western Mediterranean. The importance of the TCC derives from the close relation of its deposition with the Messinian salinity crisis and from the presence of large and diversified microbialite assemblages, which represent a rare occurrence in the Cenozoic marine sedimentary record. In this paper we provide the first detailed description of a carbonate system closely comparable to the TCC located in the central Mediterranean. This succession crops out at the southern end of the Salento Platform (South-eastern Italy) and has been investigated by means of stratigraphic, sedimentary, palaeontological and Sr isotopes analyses. Special attention has been given to the microbialite facies, with a detailed textural characterization focused on the reconstruction of their depositional and palaeoenvironmental settings. The Salento Platform TCC mainly consists of oolites deposits, Porites colonization and a diversified microbialite assemblage including six different facies, which developed mostly under shallow-water, normal marine salinity and warm climatic conditions. The overall stacking pattern is given by the superposition of three main sequences, each one including lowstand, transgressive and highstand system tracts. The Salento Platform TCC is dated to the late Messinian; our microfacies and geochemical data suggest that it could have developed during the first stage of the MSC; these carbonates are in fact followed by a sharp unconformity sealed by thick breccia deposits, possibly related to the onset of the Messinian erosional surface and to the subsequent stages of the Messinian salinity crisis.

Palaeoenvironmental setting and depositional model of upper Messinian microbialites of the Salento Peninsula (Southern Italy): A central Mediterranean Terminal Carbonate Complex / Vescogni, Alessandro; Guido, Adriano; Cipriani, Anna; Gennari, Rocco; Lugli, Federico; Lugli, Stefano; Manzi, Vinicio; Reghizzi, Matteo; Roveri, Marco. - In: PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY. - ISSN 0031-0182. - 595:(2022), p. 110970. [10.1016/j.palaeo.2022.110970]

Palaeoenvironmental setting and depositional model of upper Messinian microbialites of the Salento Peninsula (Southern Italy): A central Mediterranean Terminal Carbonate Complex

Rocco Gennari;Stefano Lugli;Vinicio Manzi;Matteo Reghizzi;Marco Roveri
2022

Abstract

The Terminal Carbonate Complex (TCC) is an upper Messinian shallow-water succession characterized by abundant oolites deposits and microbial-derived carbonates mainly known from the Western Mediterranean. The importance of the TCC derives from the close relation of its deposition with the Messinian salinity crisis and from the presence of large and diversified microbialite assemblages, which represent a rare occurrence in the Cenozoic marine sedimentary record. In this paper we provide the first detailed description of a carbonate system closely comparable to the TCC located in the central Mediterranean. This succession crops out at the southern end of the Salento Platform (South-eastern Italy) and has been investigated by means of stratigraphic, sedimentary, palaeontological and Sr isotopes analyses. Special attention has been given to the microbialite facies, with a detailed textural characterization focused on the reconstruction of their depositional and palaeoenvironmental settings. The Salento Platform TCC mainly consists of oolites deposits, Porites colonization and a diversified microbialite assemblage including six different facies, which developed mostly under shallow-water, normal marine salinity and warm climatic conditions. The overall stacking pattern is given by the superposition of three main sequences, each one including lowstand, transgressive and highstand system tracts. The Salento Platform TCC is dated to the late Messinian; our microfacies and geochemical data suggest that it could have developed during the first stage of the MSC; these carbonates are in fact followed by a sharp unconformity sealed by thick breccia deposits, possibly related to the onset of the Messinian erosional surface and to the subsequent stages of the Messinian salinity crisis.
Palaeoenvironmental setting and depositional model of upper Messinian microbialites of the Salento Peninsula (Southern Italy): A central Mediterranean Terminal Carbonate Complex / Vescogni, Alessandro; Guido, Adriano; Cipriani, Anna; Gennari, Rocco; Lugli, Federico; Lugli, Stefano; Manzi, Vinicio; Reghizzi, Matteo; Roveri, Marco. - In: PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY. - ISSN 0031-0182. - 595:(2022), p. 110970. [10.1016/j.palaeo.2022.110970]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2933241
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