Introduction Recent years have seen an almost sevenfold rise in referrals to specialist memory clinics. This has been associated with an increased proportion of patients referred with functional cognitive disorder (FCD), that is, non-progressive cognitive complaints. These patients are likely to benefit from a range of interventions (eg, psychotherapy) distinct from the requirements of patients with neurodegenerative cognitive disorders. We have developed a fully automated system, 'CognoSpeak', which enables risk stratification at the primary-secondary care interface and ongoing monitoring of patients with memory concerns. Methods We recruited 15 participants to each of four groups: Alzheimer's disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), FCD and healthy controls. Participants responded to 12 questions posed by a computer-presented talking head. Automatic analysis of the audio and speech data involved speaker segmentation, automatic speech recognition and machine learning classification. Results CognoSpeak could distinguish between participants in the AD or MCI groups and those in the FCD or healthy control groups with a sensitivity of 86.7%. Patients with MCI were identified with a sensitivity of 80%. Discussion Our fully automated system achieved levels of accuracy comparable to currently available, manually administered assessments. Greater accuracy should be achievable through further system training with a greater number of users, the inclusion of verbal fluency tasks and repeat assessments. The current data supports CognoSpeak's promise as a screening and monitoring tool for patients with MCI. Pending confirmation of these findings, it may allow clinicians to offer patients at low risk of dementia earlier reassurance and relieve pressures on specialist memory services.

Fully automated cognitive screening tool based on assessment of speech and language / O'Malley, R. P. D.; Mirheidari, B.; Harkness, K.; Reuber, M.; Venneri, A.; Walker, T.; Christensen, H.; Blackburn, D.. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 0022-3050. - 92:1(2021), pp. 12-15. [10.1136/jnnp-2019-322517]

Fully automated cognitive screening tool based on assessment of speech and language

Venneri A.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Introduction Recent years have seen an almost sevenfold rise in referrals to specialist memory clinics. This has been associated with an increased proportion of patients referred with functional cognitive disorder (FCD), that is, non-progressive cognitive complaints. These patients are likely to benefit from a range of interventions (eg, psychotherapy) distinct from the requirements of patients with neurodegenerative cognitive disorders. We have developed a fully automated system, 'CognoSpeak', which enables risk stratification at the primary-secondary care interface and ongoing monitoring of patients with memory concerns. Methods We recruited 15 participants to each of four groups: Alzheimer's disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), FCD and healthy controls. Participants responded to 12 questions posed by a computer-presented talking head. Automatic analysis of the audio and speech data involved speaker segmentation, automatic speech recognition and machine learning classification. Results CognoSpeak could distinguish between participants in the AD or MCI groups and those in the FCD or healthy control groups with a sensitivity of 86.7%. Patients with MCI were identified with a sensitivity of 80%. Discussion Our fully automated system achieved levels of accuracy comparable to currently available, manually administered assessments. Greater accuracy should be achievable through further system training with a greater number of users, the inclusion of verbal fluency tasks and repeat assessments. The current data supports CognoSpeak's promise as a screening and monitoring tool for patients with MCI. Pending confirmation of these findings, it may allow clinicians to offer patients at low risk of dementia earlier reassurance and relieve pressures on specialist memory services.
2021
Fully automated cognitive screening tool based on assessment of speech and language / O'Malley, R. P. D.; Mirheidari, B.; Harkness, K.; Reuber, M.; Venneri, A.; Walker, T.; Christensen, H.; Blackburn, D.. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 0022-3050. - 92:1(2021), pp. 12-15. [10.1136/jnnp-2019-322517]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2933234
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