Objectives To evaluate the effect of membrane occlusiveness and experimental diabetes on early and late healing following guided bone regeneration. Material and Methods A total of 30 Wistar rats were randomly allocated to three groups: healthy (H), uncontrolled diabetic (UD) and controlled diabetic (CD). A critical size calvarial defect (CSD) was created at the mid-portion of one parietal bone, and it was treated with a double layer of e-PTFE membrane presenting 0.5 mm perforations. The animals were killed at 7 and 30 days of healing, and qualitative and quantitative histological evaluations were performed. Data were compared with the ones previously obtained from other 30 animals (10H, 10UD, 10 CD), where two CSDs were randomly treated with a double-layer e-PTFE occlusive membrane or left empty. Results Following application of cell occlusive or cell permeable membranes, significant regeneration can be observed. However, at 30 days in the H group occlusive compared to cell permeable membranes promoted enhanced bone regeneration (83.9 +/- 7.3% vs. 52.5 +/- 8.6%), while no significant differences were observed within the CD and UD groups. UD led to reduced regeneration compared to H when an occlusive barrier was applied, whereas comparable outcomes to H and CD were observed when placing perforated membranes. Conclusion The application of cell permeable membranes may have masked the potentially adverse effect of experimental UD on bone regeneration.

The effect of experimental diabetes and membrane occlusiveness on guided bone regeneration: A proof of principle study / Aristodemou, E; Retzepi, M; Calciolari, E; Donos, N. - In: CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS. - ISSN 1432-6981. - 26:8(2022), pp. 5223-5235. [10.1007/s00784-022-04491-0]

The effect of experimental diabetes and membrane occlusiveness on guided bone regeneration: A proof of principle study

Calciolari, E;
2022

Abstract

Objectives To evaluate the effect of membrane occlusiveness and experimental diabetes on early and late healing following guided bone regeneration. Material and Methods A total of 30 Wistar rats were randomly allocated to three groups: healthy (H), uncontrolled diabetic (UD) and controlled diabetic (CD). A critical size calvarial defect (CSD) was created at the mid-portion of one parietal bone, and it was treated with a double layer of e-PTFE membrane presenting 0.5 mm perforations. The animals were killed at 7 and 30 days of healing, and qualitative and quantitative histological evaluations were performed. Data were compared with the ones previously obtained from other 30 animals (10H, 10UD, 10 CD), where two CSDs were randomly treated with a double-layer e-PTFE occlusive membrane or left empty. Results Following application of cell occlusive or cell permeable membranes, significant regeneration can be observed. However, at 30 days in the H group occlusive compared to cell permeable membranes promoted enhanced bone regeneration (83.9 +/- 7.3% vs. 52.5 +/- 8.6%), while no significant differences were observed within the CD and UD groups. UD led to reduced regeneration compared to H when an occlusive barrier was applied, whereas comparable outcomes to H and CD were observed when placing perforated membranes. Conclusion The application of cell permeable membranes may have masked the potentially adverse effect of experimental UD on bone regeneration.
The effect of experimental diabetes and membrane occlusiveness on guided bone regeneration: A proof of principle study / Aristodemou, E; Retzepi, M; Calciolari, E; Donos, N. - In: CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS. - ISSN 1432-6981. - 26:8(2022), pp. 5223-5235. [10.1007/s00784-022-04491-0]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2932885
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