Background: Tacrolimus is the calcineurin inhibitor of choice for preventing acute rejection episodes in kidney transplant patients. However, tacrolimus has a narrow therapeutic range that requires regular monitoring of blood concentrations to minimize toxicity. A new once-daily tacrolimus formulation, LCP-tacrolimus (LCPT), has been developed, which uses MeltDose™ drug-delivery technology to control drug release and enhance overall bioavailability. Our study compared dosing of LCPT with current standard-of-care tacrolimus [immediate-release tacrolimus (IR-Tac) or prolonged-release tacrolimus (PR-Tac)] during the 6 months following de novo kidney transplantation. Comparisons of graft function, clinical outcomes, safety, and tolerability for LCPT versus IR-Tac/PR-Tac were also performed. Methods: Standard immunological risk patients with end-stage renal disease who had received a de novo kidney transplant were randomized (1:1) to LCPT (N = 200) or IR-Tac/PR-Tac (N = 201). Results: Least squares (LS) mean tacrolimus total daily dose from Week 3 to Month 6 was significantly lower for LCPT than for IR-Tac/PR-Tac. Although LS mean tacrolimus trough levels were significantly higher for LCPT than IR-Tac/PR-Tac, tacrolimus trough levels remained within the standard reference range for most patients. There were no differences between the groups in treatment failure measures or safety profile. Conclusion: LCPT can achieve similar clinical outcomes to other tacrolimus formulations, with a lower daily dose. Clinical Trial Registration: https://clinicaltrials.gov/, identifier NCT02432833.

Prolonged-Release Once-Daily Formulation of Tacrolimus Versus Standard-of-Care Tacrolimus in de novo Kidney Transplant Patients Across Europe / Budde, K.; Rostaing, L.; Maggiore, U.; Piotti, G.; Surace, D.; Geraci, S.; Procaccianti, C.; Nicolini, G.; Witzke, O.; Kamar, N.; Albano, L.; Buchler, M.; Pascual, J.; Gutierrez-Dalmau, A.; Kuypers, D.; Wekerle, T.; Glyda, M.; Carmellini, M.; Tisone, G.; Midtvedt, K.; Wennberg, L.; Grinyo, J. M.. - In: TRANSPLANT INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0934-0874. - 35:1(2022). [10.3389/ti.2021.10225]

Prolonged-Release Once-Daily Formulation of Tacrolimus Versus Standard-of-Care Tacrolimus in de novo Kidney Transplant Patients Across Europe

Maggiore U.
Conceptualization
;
Piotti G.;Albano L.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Tacrolimus is the calcineurin inhibitor of choice for preventing acute rejection episodes in kidney transplant patients. However, tacrolimus has a narrow therapeutic range that requires regular monitoring of blood concentrations to minimize toxicity. A new once-daily tacrolimus formulation, LCP-tacrolimus (LCPT), has been developed, which uses MeltDose™ drug-delivery technology to control drug release and enhance overall bioavailability. Our study compared dosing of LCPT with current standard-of-care tacrolimus [immediate-release tacrolimus (IR-Tac) or prolonged-release tacrolimus (PR-Tac)] during the 6 months following de novo kidney transplantation. Comparisons of graft function, clinical outcomes, safety, and tolerability for LCPT versus IR-Tac/PR-Tac were also performed. Methods: Standard immunological risk patients with end-stage renal disease who had received a de novo kidney transplant were randomized (1:1) to LCPT (N = 200) or IR-Tac/PR-Tac (N = 201). Results: Least squares (LS) mean tacrolimus total daily dose from Week 3 to Month 6 was significantly lower for LCPT than for IR-Tac/PR-Tac. Although LS mean tacrolimus trough levels were significantly higher for LCPT than IR-Tac/PR-Tac, tacrolimus trough levels remained within the standard reference range for most patients. There were no differences between the groups in treatment failure measures or safety profile. Conclusion: LCPT can achieve similar clinical outcomes to other tacrolimus formulations, with a lower daily dose. Clinical Trial Registration: https://clinicaltrials.gov/, identifier NCT02432833.
2022
Prolonged-Release Once-Daily Formulation of Tacrolimus Versus Standard-of-Care Tacrolimus in de novo Kidney Transplant Patients Across Europe / Budde, K.; Rostaing, L.; Maggiore, U.; Piotti, G.; Surace, D.; Geraci, S.; Procaccianti, C.; Nicolini, G.; Witzke, O.; Kamar, N.; Albano, L.; Buchler, M.; Pascual, J.; Gutierrez-Dalmau, A.; Kuypers, D.; Wekerle, T.; Glyda, M.; Carmellini, M.; Tisone, G.; Midtvedt, K.; Wennberg, L.; Grinyo, J. M.. - In: TRANSPLANT INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0934-0874. - 35:1(2022). [10.3389/ti.2021.10225]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2932567
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