The GAF3 domain of the cyanobacteriochrome Slr1393 from Synechocystis sp. PCC6803, binding phycocyanobilin as a chromophore, shows photochromicity between two stable, green- and red-absorbing states, characterized by relatively high photoconversion yields. Using nanosecond-pulsed excitation by red or green light, respectively, and suitable cw photoconversion beams, we demonstrate that the light-modulatable photoacoustic waveforms arising from GAF3 can be easily distinguished from background signals originating from non-modulatable competitive absorbers and scattering media. It is demonstrated that this effect can be exploited to identify the position of the photochromic molecule by using as a phantom a cylindrical capillary tube filled with either a GAF3 solution or with an E.coli suspension overexpressing GAF3. These properties identify the high potential of GAF3 to be included in the palette of genetically encoded photochromic probes for photoacoustic imaging.

A red-green photochromic bacterial protein as a new contrast agent for improved photoacoustic imaging / Garzella, Francesco; Bianchini, Paolo; Diaspro, Alberto; Losi, Aba; Gärtner, Wolfgang; Abbruzzetti, Stefania; Viappiani, Cristiano. - In: PHOTOACOUSTICS. - ISSN 2213-5979. - 26:(2022), p. 100358. [10.1016/j.pacs.2022.100358]

A red-green photochromic bacterial protein as a new contrast agent for improved photoacoustic imaging

Garzella, Francesco;Losi, Aba;Abbruzzetti, Stefania;Viappiani, Cristiano
2022-01-01

Abstract

The GAF3 domain of the cyanobacteriochrome Slr1393 from Synechocystis sp. PCC6803, binding phycocyanobilin as a chromophore, shows photochromicity between two stable, green- and red-absorbing states, characterized by relatively high photoconversion yields. Using nanosecond-pulsed excitation by red or green light, respectively, and suitable cw photoconversion beams, we demonstrate that the light-modulatable photoacoustic waveforms arising from GAF3 can be easily distinguished from background signals originating from non-modulatable competitive absorbers and scattering media. It is demonstrated that this effect can be exploited to identify the position of the photochromic molecule by using as a phantom a cylindrical capillary tube filled with either a GAF3 solution or with an E.coli suspension overexpressing GAF3. These properties identify the high potential of GAF3 to be included in the palette of genetically encoded photochromic probes for photoacoustic imaging.
A red-green photochromic bacterial protein as a new contrast agent for improved photoacoustic imaging / Garzella, Francesco; Bianchini, Paolo; Diaspro, Alberto; Losi, Aba; Gärtner, Wolfgang; Abbruzzetti, Stefania; Viappiani, Cristiano. - In: PHOTOACOUSTICS. - ISSN 2213-5979. - 26:(2022), p. 100358. [10.1016/j.pacs.2022.100358]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2931931
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