Background Non-clear cell renal cell carcinoma (nccRCC) represents a heterogeneous histological group which amount 20-25% of RCC. nccRCC have limited therapeutic options due to their exclusion from phase III randomized trials. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of pembrolizumab- axitinib in chromophobe and papillary metastatic RCC patients enrolled in the I-RARE observational ongoing study (Meet-URO 23). Methods Baseline characteristics, outcome data including progression-free survival (PFS) and toxicities were retrospectively collected from nccRCC pts treated in 12 Italian referral centers adhering to the Meet-Uro group, from December 2020 to April 2022. Only patients with cromophobe and papillary histology were considered eligible. Results 25 eligible patients received pembrolizumab-axitinib as first-line treatment. 11/25 (44%) patients had cromophobe histology whereas 14/25 (56%) were classified as papillary RCC. Characteristic of patients are reported in the table. The disease control rate was 86.3% (10/25 patients achieved stable disease and 9/25 patients obtained partial response: 5/9 papillary, 4/9 chromophobe). 2/25 (8%) patients were primary refractory. Median PFS was 10.8 months (95%CI 1.7-11.5). 7/25 (28%) patients interrupted the full treatment due to immune-related adverse events (irAEs) (G3 hepatitis (n=4), G3 hypophisitis (n=1), G2 pneumonia (n=1), G3 pancreatitis (n=1), whereas 2/25 (8%) patients interrupted axitinib only due to persistent G2 hand-foot syndrome or G2 hypertension.

1462P Clinical outcome of patients with non-clear metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with pembrolizumab-axitinib combination: NEMESIA (non-clear metastatic renal cell carcinoma pembrolizumab axitinib) study, a subgroup analysis of I-RARE observational study (Meet-URO 23a) / Stellato, M.; Buti, S.; Maruzzo, M.; Bersanelli, M.; Ermacora, P.; Maiorano, B. A.; Prati, V.; De Giorgi, U. F. F.; Pierantoni, F.; Malgeri, A.; Mennitto, A.; Cavo, A.; Vitale, M. G.; Santoni, M.; Carella, C.; Procopio, G.; Verzoni, E.; Santini, D.. - In: ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 0923-7534. - 33:(2022), pp. S1214-S1215. [10.1016/j.annonc.2022.07.1565]

1462P Clinical outcome of patients with non-clear metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with pembrolizumab-axitinib combination: NEMESIA (non-clear metastatic renal cell carcinoma pembrolizumab axitinib) study, a subgroup analysis of I-RARE observational study (Meet-URO 23a)

Buti, S.;Bersanelli, M.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background Non-clear cell renal cell carcinoma (nccRCC) represents a heterogeneous histological group which amount 20-25% of RCC. nccRCC have limited therapeutic options due to their exclusion from phase III randomized trials. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of pembrolizumab- axitinib in chromophobe and papillary metastatic RCC patients enrolled in the I-RARE observational ongoing study (Meet-URO 23). Methods Baseline characteristics, outcome data including progression-free survival (PFS) and toxicities were retrospectively collected from nccRCC pts treated in 12 Italian referral centers adhering to the Meet-Uro group, from December 2020 to April 2022. Only patients with cromophobe and papillary histology were considered eligible. Results 25 eligible patients received pembrolizumab-axitinib as first-line treatment. 11/25 (44%) patients had cromophobe histology whereas 14/25 (56%) were classified as papillary RCC. Characteristic of patients are reported in the table. The disease control rate was 86.3% (10/25 patients achieved stable disease and 9/25 patients obtained partial response: 5/9 papillary, 4/9 chromophobe). 2/25 (8%) patients were primary refractory. Median PFS was 10.8 months (95%CI 1.7-11.5). 7/25 (28%) patients interrupted the full treatment due to immune-related adverse events (irAEs) (G3 hepatitis (n=4), G3 hypophisitis (n=1), G2 pneumonia (n=1), G3 pancreatitis (n=1), whereas 2/25 (8%) patients interrupted axitinib only due to persistent G2 hand-foot syndrome or G2 hypertension.
1462P Clinical outcome of patients with non-clear metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with pembrolizumab-axitinib combination: NEMESIA (non-clear metastatic renal cell carcinoma pembrolizumab axitinib) study, a subgroup analysis of I-RARE observational study (Meet-URO 23a) / Stellato, M.; Buti, S.; Maruzzo, M.; Bersanelli, M.; Ermacora, P.; Maiorano, B. A.; Prati, V.; De Giorgi, U. F. F.; Pierantoni, F.; Malgeri, A.; Mennitto, A.; Cavo, A.; Vitale, M. G.; Santoni, M.; Carella, C.; Procopio, G.; Verzoni, E.; Santini, D.. - In: ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 0923-7534. - 33:(2022), pp. S1214-S1215. [10.1016/j.annonc.2022.07.1565]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2930372
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