The Middle Jurassic limestones of the Vajont Formation, which constitute major parts of the flanks of the Vajont Canyon (Southern Alps, Italy), have been subjected to pervasive dolomitization. The dolomites are localized within fault damage zones. Based on field and petrographic characteristics, two dolostone groups can be differentiated. Group 1, being the most prevailing, corresponds to replacive matrix dolostones. They form non-stratabound plume-like geobodies. They also occur as infill in infrequent veins in the host limestones that occur adjacent to these replacive plume-like dolostone bodies. Group 2, that is less common, consists of saddle dolomite cements. It occurs in breccia and veins or makes up zebra dolostones. The latter cements frequently affect the replacive group 1 dolostones. Fluid inclusion analyses of both dolostone groups indicate comparable salinity values of 1.2-5.3 eq. wt.% NaCl with homogenization temperatures of 70-108 ?C, which in addition of overlapping Sr-87/Sr-86 ratios (0.70811-0.70846) reflect similar parental fluids. The estimated salinities, in combination with delta O-18 values (-5.5 to -14.8 parts per thousand V-PDB), indicate significant contributions of O-18-depleted fluids postulated to be modified meteoric waters. This origin is supported by the low trace element contents measured in the studied dolostones. These data support that the fault-controlled dolostones in the studied Vajont area precipitated from hot hypo-to mesohaline fluids. These fluids could have circulated along inherited Mesozoic syn-rift fault and fracture corridors. However, another possibility is that fluids circulated along fault and fracture systems that developed during the Neo-Alpine Orogeny (Miocene). Both could have served as efficient deep-seated fluid migration conduits as well as relatively shallow ones facilitating the downward flow of topography-driven meteoric waters.

Dolomitization of the Middle Jurassic limestones at the Vajont Canyon (Southern Alps, Italy): Fault-controlled dolomitization by hypo-to mesosaline fluids / Mozafari, M.; Swennen, R.; Storti, F.; Cortinovis, S.; Lauriks, K.; Balsamo, F.; Bistacchi, A.; El Desouky, H.; Taberne, C.. - In: MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY. - ISSN 0264-8172. - 144:(2022), p. 105837. [10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2022.105837]

Dolomitization of the Middle Jurassic limestones at the Vajont Canyon (Southern Alps, Italy): Fault-controlled dolomitization by hypo-to mesosaline fluids

Mozafari M.;Storti F.;Cortinovis S.;Balsamo F.;
2022

Abstract

The Middle Jurassic limestones of the Vajont Formation, which constitute major parts of the flanks of the Vajont Canyon (Southern Alps, Italy), have been subjected to pervasive dolomitization. The dolomites are localized within fault damage zones. Based on field and petrographic characteristics, two dolostone groups can be differentiated. Group 1, being the most prevailing, corresponds to replacive matrix dolostones. They form non-stratabound plume-like geobodies. They also occur as infill in infrequent veins in the host limestones that occur adjacent to these replacive plume-like dolostone bodies. Group 2, that is less common, consists of saddle dolomite cements. It occurs in breccia and veins or makes up zebra dolostones. The latter cements frequently affect the replacive group 1 dolostones. Fluid inclusion analyses of both dolostone groups indicate comparable salinity values of 1.2-5.3 eq. wt.% NaCl with homogenization temperatures of 70-108 ?C, which in addition of overlapping Sr-87/Sr-86 ratios (0.70811-0.70846) reflect similar parental fluids. The estimated salinities, in combination with delta O-18 values (-5.5 to -14.8 parts per thousand V-PDB), indicate significant contributions of O-18-depleted fluids postulated to be modified meteoric waters. This origin is supported by the low trace element contents measured in the studied dolostones. These data support that the fault-controlled dolostones in the studied Vajont area precipitated from hot hypo-to mesohaline fluids. These fluids could have circulated along inherited Mesozoic syn-rift fault and fracture corridors. However, another possibility is that fluids circulated along fault and fracture systems that developed during the Neo-Alpine Orogeny (Miocene). Both could have served as efficient deep-seated fluid migration conduits as well as relatively shallow ones facilitating the downward flow of topography-driven meteoric waters.
Dolomitization of the Middle Jurassic limestones at the Vajont Canyon (Southern Alps, Italy): Fault-controlled dolomitization by hypo-to mesosaline fluids / Mozafari, M.; Swennen, R.; Storti, F.; Cortinovis, S.; Lauriks, K.; Balsamo, F.; Bistacchi, A.; El Desouky, H.; Taberne, C.. - In: MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY. - ISSN 0264-8172. - 144:(2022), p. 105837. [10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2022.105837]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2929731
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