The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the androgenic hormone testosterone enanthate (TE) on human MG-63 cells. MG-63 were cultured for 24 h in the presence of TE at increasing concentrations to assess its lethal dose. Therefore, the suitable concentration for a prolonged use of TE in vitro was assessed by viability assay over 9 days. Finally, MG-63 were exposed to TE for 14 days and assayed for differentiation by qPCR and Alizarin Red S staining. TE in the amount of 100 µM resulted as the maximum dose tolerated by MG-63 cells after 24 h. However, a prolonged exposure in culture TE in the amount of 100 µM showed a cytostatic effect on cell proliferation. On the contrary, TE 10 µM was tolerated by the cells and did not boost cell proliferation, but did enhance new bone formation, as revealed by COL1A1, ALPL, BGLAP, and IBSP gene expression after 3, 7, and 14 days, and calcium deposition by Alizarin Red S staining after 14 days. Based on the current study, 10 µM is the critical dose of TE that should be used in vitro to support bone differentiation of MG-63 cells.

Testosterone Enanthate: An In Vitro Study of the Effects Triggered in MG-63 Cells / Ghezzi, Benedetta; Parisi, Ludovica; Calciolari, Elena; Toffoli, Andrea; Matera, Biagio; Lumetti, Simone; Passeri, Giovanni; Macaluso, Guido Maria. - In: BIOMOLECULES. - ISSN 2218-273X. - 12:8(2022), p. 1159. [10.3390/biom12081159]

Testosterone Enanthate: An In Vitro Study of the Effects Triggered in MG-63 Cells

Ghezzi, Benedetta;Calciolari, Elena;Toffoli, Andrea;Lumetti, Simone;Passeri, Giovanni;Macaluso, Guido Maria
2022

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the androgenic hormone testosterone enanthate (TE) on human MG-63 cells. MG-63 were cultured for 24 h in the presence of TE at increasing concentrations to assess its lethal dose. Therefore, the suitable concentration for a prolonged use of TE in vitro was assessed by viability assay over 9 days. Finally, MG-63 were exposed to TE for 14 days and assayed for differentiation by qPCR and Alizarin Red S staining. TE in the amount of 100 µM resulted as the maximum dose tolerated by MG-63 cells after 24 h. However, a prolonged exposure in culture TE in the amount of 100 µM showed a cytostatic effect on cell proliferation. On the contrary, TE 10 µM was tolerated by the cells and did not boost cell proliferation, but did enhance new bone formation, as revealed by COL1A1, ALPL, BGLAP, and IBSP gene expression after 3, 7, and 14 days, and calcium deposition by Alizarin Red S staining after 14 days. Based on the current study, 10 µM is the critical dose of TE that should be used in vitro to support bone differentiation of MG-63 cells.
Testosterone Enanthate: An In Vitro Study of the Effects Triggered in MG-63 Cells / Ghezzi, Benedetta; Parisi, Ludovica; Calciolari, Elena; Toffoli, Andrea; Matera, Biagio; Lumetti, Simone; Passeri, Giovanni; Macaluso, Guido Maria. - In: BIOMOLECULES. - ISSN 2218-273X. - 12:8(2022), p. 1159. [10.3390/biom12081159]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2928451
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