Amorphous silica nanoparticles (ASNP) are present in a variety of products and their bio logical effects are actively investigated. Although several studies have documented pro-inflammatory effects of ASNP, the possibility that they also modify the response of innate immunity cells to natural activators has not been thoroughly investigated. Here, we study the effects of pyrogenic ASNP on the LPS-dependent activation of human macrophages differentiated from peripheral blood mono cytes. In macrophages, 24 h of pre-exposure to non-cytotoxic doses of ASNP markedly inhibited the LPS-dependent induction of pro-inflammatory (TNFα, IL-6) and anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10). The inhibitory effect was associated with the suppression of NFκB activation and the increased intracellular sequestration of the TLR4 receptor. The late induction of glutamine synthetase (GS) by LPS was also prevented by pre-exposure to ASNP, while GS silencing did not interfere with cytokine secretion. It is concluded that (i) macrophages exposed to ASNP are less sensitive to LPS-dependent activation and (ii) GS induction by LPS is likely secondary to the stimulation of cytokine secretion. The observed interference with LPS effects may point to a dampening of the acute inflammatory response after exposure to ASNP in humans.

The TLR4/NFκB-Dependent Inflammatory Response Activated by LPS Is Inhibited in Human Macrophages Pre-Exposed to Amorphous Silica Nanoparticles / Bianchi, Massimiliano G.; Chiu, Martina; Taurino, Giuseppe; Bergamaschi, Enrico; Cubadda, Francesco; Macaluso, Guido M.; Bussolati, Ovidio. - In: NANOMATERIALS. - ISSN 2079-4991. - 12:13(2022), p. 2307. [10.3390/nano12132307]

The TLR4/NFκB-Dependent Inflammatory Response Activated by LPS Is Inhibited in Human Macrophages Pre-Exposed to Amorphous Silica Nanoparticles

Bianchi, Massimiliano G.
;
Chiu, Martina;Taurino, Giuseppe;Macaluso, Guido M.;Bussolati, Ovidio
2022-01-01

Abstract

Amorphous silica nanoparticles (ASNP) are present in a variety of products and their bio logical effects are actively investigated. Although several studies have documented pro-inflammatory effects of ASNP, the possibility that they also modify the response of innate immunity cells to natural activators has not been thoroughly investigated. Here, we study the effects of pyrogenic ASNP on the LPS-dependent activation of human macrophages differentiated from peripheral blood mono cytes. In macrophages, 24 h of pre-exposure to non-cytotoxic doses of ASNP markedly inhibited the LPS-dependent induction of pro-inflammatory (TNFα, IL-6) and anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10). The inhibitory effect was associated with the suppression of NFκB activation and the increased intracellular sequestration of the TLR4 receptor. The late induction of glutamine synthetase (GS) by LPS was also prevented by pre-exposure to ASNP, while GS silencing did not interfere with cytokine secretion. It is concluded that (i) macrophages exposed to ASNP are less sensitive to LPS-dependent activation and (ii) GS induction by LPS is likely secondary to the stimulation of cytokine secretion. The observed interference with LPS effects may point to a dampening of the acute inflammatory response after exposure to ASNP in humans.
2022
The TLR4/NFκB-Dependent Inflammatory Response Activated by LPS Is Inhibited in Human Macrophages Pre-Exposed to Amorphous Silica Nanoparticles / Bianchi, Massimiliano G.; Chiu, Martina; Taurino, Giuseppe; Bergamaschi, Enrico; Cubadda, Francesco; Macaluso, Guido M.; Bussolati, Ovidio. - In: NANOMATERIALS. - ISSN 2079-4991. - 12:13(2022), p. 2307. [10.3390/nano12132307]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2926391
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