Objective: To describe in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) the impact of visceral pleural invasion (VPI) and of tumor sizing assessed at computed tomography (CT) on the agreement between clinical-radiological and pathological T staging and its prognostic value. Methods: Patients affected by NSCLC treated by surgery in the period from January 2017 to September 2020 were retrospectively evaluated. Exclusion criteria were: (1) baseline CT not performed in our hospital; (2) failure of software segmentation at CT of the primary lesion. Clinical-radiological T (cT) was assessed at baseline CT, evaluating in particular T size by semi-automatic tool and VPI (cVPI) visually. Pathological T (pT) and VPI (pVPI) were recorded by pathological report and obtained after formalin-fixation and eventual elastic stain on surgical specimen. The agreement between cT and pT was evaluated by calculating the weighted kappa by Cohen (κw); the association between progression free survival (PFS) with both cT and pT was assessed by the Cox regression analysis. Results: The study included 84 NSCLC in 82 patients (median age 71 years, IQR 63-76 years; females 22/82, 27%). The agreement between cT and pT was poor (κw 0.302, 95%CI 0.158-0.447). The main causes of disagreement were CT oversizing (21%) and false positive cVPI (29%). A significant association was found between PFS and pT2-T3 (HR 2.75, 95%CI 1.21-6.25, p=0.015) but not with cT2-T3 (not retained in the model). Conclusions: False positive cVPI and oversizing at CT are causes of disagreement between cT and pT in around one-third of resected NSCLC. PFS was significantly associated with pT but not with cT.

Role of visceral pleural invasion and tumor sizing at CT of resected NSCLC in clinical-radiological and pathological T agreement / Colombi, D.; Petrini, M.; Rapacioli, F.; Bodini, F. C.; Chiesa, S.; Franco, C.; Citterio, C.; Cavanna, L.; Zangrandi, A.; Sverzellati, N.; Michieletti, E.. - In: TUMORI. - ISSN 0300-8916. - (2022), p. 3008916221083702. [10.1177/03008916221083702]

Role of visceral pleural invasion and tumor sizing at CT of resected NSCLC in clinical-radiological and pathological T agreement

Colombi D.;Rapacioli F.;Franco C.;Zangrandi A.;
2022

Abstract

Objective: To describe in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) the impact of visceral pleural invasion (VPI) and of tumor sizing assessed at computed tomography (CT) on the agreement between clinical-radiological and pathological T staging and its prognostic value. Methods: Patients affected by NSCLC treated by surgery in the period from January 2017 to September 2020 were retrospectively evaluated. Exclusion criteria were: (1) baseline CT not performed in our hospital; (2) failure of software segmentation at CT of the primary lesion. Clinical-radiological T (cT) was assessed at baseline CT, evaluating in particular T size by semi-automatic tool and VPI (cVPI) visually. Pathological T (pT) and VPI (pVPI) were recorded by pathological report and obtained after formalin-fixation and eventual elastic stain on surgical specimen. The agreement between cT and pT was evaluated by calculating the weighted kappa by Cohen (κw); the association between progression free survival (PFS) with both cT and pT was assessed by the Cox regression analysis. Results: The study included 84 NSCLC in 82 patients (median age 71 years, IQR 63-76 years; females 22/82, 27%). The agreement between cT and pT was poor (κw 0.302, 95%CI 0.158-0.447). The main causes of disagreement were CT oversizing (21%) and false positive cVPI (29%). A significant association was found between PFS and pT2-T3 (HR 2.75, 95%CI 1.21-6.25, p=0.015) but not with cT2-T3 (not retained in the model). Conclusions: False positive cVPI and oversizing at CT are causes of disagreement between cT and pT in around one-third of resected NSCLC. PFS was significantly associated with pT but not with cT.
Role of visceral pleural invasion and tumor sizing at CT of resected NSCLC in clinical-radiological and pathological T agreement / Colombi, D.; Petrini, M.; Rapacioli, F.; Bodini, F. C.; Chiesa, S.; Franco, C.; Citterio, C.; Cavanna, L.; Zangrandi, A.; Sverzellati, N.; Michieletti, E.. - In: TUMORI. - ISSN 0300-8916. - (2022), p. 3008916221083702. [10.1177/03008916221083702]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2925137
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact