We tested the hypothesis that common genetic variability of beta-cell genes responsible for monogenic diabetes may affect beta cell function in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We studied 794 drug- naïve GAD-negative patients with newly diagnosed T2DM (age: median=59 years; I.Q. range: 52-66; body mass index: 29.3 kg/m2; 26.6-32.9). Beta-cell function was assessed by state-of-art mathematical modeling of glucose/C-peptide curves during a 240’-300’ frequently sampled oral glucose tolerance test, to provide the beta-cell responses to the rate of increase in glucose concentration (derivative control: DC) and to glucose concentration (proportional control: PC). Forty-two single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs), selected to cover over 90% of common genetic variability, were genotyped in nine monogenic diabetes genes: HNF4A, GCK, HNF1A, PDX1, HNF1B, NEUROD1, KLF11, KCNJ11 and ABCC8. Allelic variants of four SNPs (rs1303722 and rs882019 of GCK, rs7310409 of HNF1A and rs5219 of KCNJ11) were significantly associated with DC of beta-cell secretion (all P < 0.036). Allelic variants of four other SNPs (rs2868094 and rs6031544 of HNF4A, and rs1801262 and rs12053195 of NEUROD1) were associated with PC of beta-cell secretion (P < 0.02). In multivariate models, GCK, HNF1A and KCNJ11 SNPs explained 2.5% of the DC variability of beta-cell secretion, whereas HNF4A and NEUROD1 SNPs explained 3.6% of the PC variability of beta-cell secretion. We conclude that common variability of monogenic diabetes genes is significantly associated with an impaired beta-cell function in patients with newly diagnosed T2DM; thereby, these genes might be targeted by specific treatments in T2DM.

Role of monogenic diabetes genes on beta cell function in Italian patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. The Verona Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Study (VNDS) 13 / Bonetti, S.; Zusi, C.; Rinaldi, E.; Boselli, M. L.; Csermely, A.; Malerba, G.; Trabetti, E.; Bonora, E.; Bonadonna, R. C.; Trombetta, M.. - In: DIABETES & METABOLISM. - ISSN 1262-3636. - 48:4(2022), p. 101323.101323. [10.1016/j.diabet.2022.101323]

Role of monogenic diabetes genes on beta cell function in Italian patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. The Verona Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Study (VNDS) 13

Bonadonna R. C.;
2022

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that common genetic variability of beta-cell genes responsible for monogenic diabetes may affect beta cell function in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We studied 794 drug- naïve GAD-negative patients with newly diagnosed T2DM (age: median=59 years; I.Q. range: 52-66; body mass index: 29.3 kg/m2; 26.6-32.9). Beta-cell function was assessed by state-of-art mathematical modeling of glucose/C-peptide curves during a 240’-300’ frequently sampled oral glucose tolerance test, to provide the beta-cell responses to the rate of increase in glucose concentration (derivative control: DC) and to glucose concentration (proportional control: PC). Forty-two single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs), selected to cover over 90% of common genetic variability, were genotyped in nine monogenic diabetes genes: HNF4A, GCK, HNF1A, PDX1, HNF1B, NEUROD1, KLF11, KCNJ11 and ABCC8. Allelic variants of four SNPs (rs1303722 and rs882019 of GCK, rs7310409 of HNF1A and rs5219 of KCNJ11) were significantly associated with DC of beta-cell secretion (all P < 0.036). Allelic variants of four other SNPs (rs2868094 and rs6031544 of HNF4A, and rs1801262 and rs12053195 of NEUROD1) were associated with PC of beta-cell secretion (P < 0.02). In multivariate models, GCK, HNF1A and KCNJ11 SNPs explained 2.5% of the DC variability of beta-cell secretion, whereas HNF4A and NEUROD1 SNPs explained 3.6% of the PC variability of beta-cell secretion. We conclude that common variability of monogenic diabetes genes is significantly associated with an impaired beta-cell function in patients with newly diagnosed T2DM; thereby, these genes might be targeted by specific treatments in T2DM.
Role of monogenic diabetes genes on beta cell function in Italian patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. The Verona Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Study (VNDS) 13 / Bonetti, S.; Zusi, C.; Rinaldi, E.; Boselli, M. L.; Csermely, A.; Malerba, G.; Trabetti, E.; Bonora, E.; Bonadonna, R. C.; Trombetta, M.. - In: DIABETES & METABOLISM. - ISSN 1262-3636. - 48:4(2022), p. 101323.101323. [10.1016/j.diabet.2022.101323]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2925029
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