How does cellular organization shape the spatio-temporal patterns of activity in the cortex while processing sensory information? After measuring the propagation of activity in the mouse primary somatosensory cortex (S1) in response to single whisker deflections with Voltage Sensitive Dye (VSD) imaging, we developed a two dimensional model of S1. We designed an inference method to reconstruct model parameters from VSD data, revealing that a spatially heterogeneous organization of synaptic strengths between pyramidal neurons in S1 is likely to be responsible for the heterogeneous spatio-temporal patterns of activity measured experimentally. The model shows that, for strong enough excitatory cortical interactions, whisker deflections generate a propagating wave in S1. Finally, we report that two consecutive stimuli activating different spatial locations in S1 generate two waves which collide sub-linearly, giving rise to a suppressive wave. In the inferred model, the suppressive wave is explained by a lower sensitivity to external perturbations of neural networks during activated states.

Nonlinear collision between propagating waves in mouse somatosensory cortex / Di Volo, M.; Ferezou, I.. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 11:1(2021), p. 19630.19630. [10.1038/s41598-021-99057-7]

Nonlinear collision between propagating waves in mouse somatosensory cortex

Di Volo M.;
2021

Abstract

How does cellular organization shape the spatio-temporal patterns of activity in the cortex while processing sensory information? After measuring the propagation of activity in the mouse primary somatosensory cortex (S1) in response to single whisker deflections with Voltage Sensitive Dye (VSD) imaging, we developed a two dimensional model of S1. We designed an inference method to reconstruct model parameters from VSD data, revealing that a spatially heterogeneous organization of synaptic strengths between pyramidal neurons in S1 is likely to be responsible for the heterogeneous spatio-temporal patterns of activity measured experimentally. The model shows that, for strong enough excitatory cortical interactions, whisker deflections generate a propagating wave in S1. Finally, we report that two consecutive stimuli activating different spatial locations in S1 generate two waves which collide sub-linearly, giving rise to a suppressive wave. In the inferred model, the suppressive wave is explained by a lower sensitivity to external perturbations of neural networks during activated states.
Nonlinear collision between propagating waves in mouse somatosensory cortex / Di Volo, M.; Ferezou, I.. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 11:1(2021), p. 19630.19630. [10.1038/s41598-021-99057-7]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2924736
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