In recent years, plant-nanomaterial interactions have been studied, highlighting their effects at physiological and molecular levels. Transcriptomics and proteomics studies have shown pathways and targets of nanomaterial exposure and plant response, with particular regard to abiotic stress and oxidative stress. Only little information has been reported on engineered nanomaterial (ENMs) interactions with plant genetic material, both at a genomic and organellar DNAs level. Plants can be useful experimental material, considering they both contain chloroplast and mitochondrial DNAs and several plant genomes have been completely sequenced (e.g., Arabidopsis thaliana, Solanum lycoperiscum, Allium cepa, Zea mays, etc.). In this mini review, the methods and the evidence reported in the present literature concerning the level of genotoxicity induced by ENMs exposure have been considered. Consolidated and potential strategies, which can be applied to assess the nanomaterial genotoxicity in plants, are reviewed.

Nanomaterials Induced Genotoxicity in Plant: Methods and Strategies / Marmiroli, Marta; Marmiroli, Nelson; Pagano, Luca. - In: NANOMATERIALS. - ISSN 2079-4991. - (2022). [10.3390/nano12101658]

Nanomaterials Induced Genotoxicity in Plant: Methods and Strategies

Marmiroli Marta;Marmiroli Nelson;Pagano Luca
2022

Abstract

In recent years, plant-nanomaterial interactions have been studied, highlighting their effects at physiological and molecular levels. Transcriptomics and proteomics studies have shown pathways and targets of nanomaterial exposure and plant response, with particular regard to abiotic stress and oxidative stress. Only little information has been reported on engineered nanomaterial (ENMs) interactions with plant genetic material, both at a genomic and organellar DNAs level. Plants can be useful experimental material, considering they both contain chloroplast and mitochondrial DNAs and several plant genomes have been completely sequenced (e.g., Arabidopsis thaliana, Solanum lycoperiscum, Allium cepa, Zea mays, etc.). In this mini review, the methods and the evidence reported in the present literature concerning the level of genotoxicity induced by ENMs exposure have been considered. Consolidated and potential strategies, which can be applied to assess the nanomaterial genotoxicity in plants, are reviewed.
Nanomaterials Induced Genotoxicity in Plant: Methods and Strategies / Marmiroli, Marta; Marmiroli, Nelson; Pagano, Luca. - In: NANOMATERIALS. - ISSN 2079-4991. - (2022). [10.3390/nano12101658]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2923344
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