In this article, we implement and compare 10 node removal (attack) strategies from the literature over the photosystem I (PSI) complex network of the common pea plant (Pisum sativum), representing the FRET energy transfer among its nodes/chromophores. We measure the network robustness (functioning) with four indicators. The node attack strategies and the network robustness indicators consider both the binary-topological and the weighted structure of the network. First, we find that the well-known node betweenness centrality attack, which has proven highly effective in dismantling most real-world networks' topological connectivity, is ineffective over the PSI network. Second, the degeneracy of the node properties caused by the PSI's higher network connectivity level induces a random-like node removal even when nodes are removed according to a specific node centrality measure. This phenomenon triggers a very low decrease of the PSI network functioning even when subjected to node attack. Such an outcome would indicate that the node attack strategies based on classic node properties, such as the degree or the betweenness centrality, may show low efficacy in dismantling real-world networks with very high connectivity levels. Last, the PSI network can be built by tuning a cut-off distance (CD) that defines the viable energy transfers among nodes/chromophores and progressively discards the lower energy transfer links among distant nodes/chromophores. This represents a 'weight thresholding' procedure allowing us to investigate the efficacy of the node attack strategies when links of lower weight are progressively pruned from the PSI network. We find that the best node attack strategies change by decreasing the CD, showing that the weight thresholding procedure affects the network response to node removal. This last outcome outlines the importance of investigating the stability of the system response for real-world weighted complex networks subjected to the weight thresholding procedure.

The robustness of the photosynthetic system i energy transfer complex network to targeted node attack and random node failure / Bellingeri, M; Montepietra, D; Cassi, D; Scotognella, F. - In: JOURNAL OF COMPLEX NETWORKS. - ISSN 2051-1329. - 10:1(2022). [10.1093/comnet/cnab050]

The robustness of the photosynthetic system i energy transfer complex network to targeted node attack and random node failure

Bellingeri M
;
Montepietra D;Cassi D;
2022-01-01

Abstract

In this article, we implement and compare 10 node removal (attack) strategies from the literature over the photosystem I (PSI) complex network of the common pea plant (Pisum sativum), representing the FRET energy transfer among its nodes/chromophores. We measure the network robustness (functioning) with four indicators. The node attack strategies and the network robustness indicators consider both the binary-topological and the weighted structure of the network. First, we find that the well-known node betweenness centrality attack, which has proven highly effective in dismantling most real-world networks' topological connectivity, is ineffective over the PSI network. Second, the degeneracy of the node properties caused by the PSI's higher network connectivity level induces a random-like node removal even when nodes are removed according to a specific node centrality measure. This phenomenon triggers a very low decrease of the PSI network functioning even when subjected to node attack. Such an outcome would indicate that the node attack strategies based on classic node properties, such as the degree or the betweenness centrality, may show low efficacy in dismantling real-world networks with very high connectivity levels. Last, the PSI network can be built by tuning a cut-off distance (CD) that defines the viable energy transfers among nodes/chromophores and progressively discards the lower energy transfer links among distant nodes/chromophores. This represents a 'weight thresholding' procedure allowing us to investigate the efficacy of the node attack strategies when links of lower weight are progressively pruned from the PSI network. We find that the best node attack strategies change by decreasing the CD, showing that the weight thresholding procedure affects the network response to node removal. This last outcome outlines the importance of investigating the stability of the system response for real-world weighted complex networks subjected to the weight thresholding procedure.
2022
The robustness of the photosynthetic system i energy transfer complex network to targeted node attack and random node failure / Bellingeri, M; Montepietra, D; Cassi, D; Scotognella, F. - In: JOURNAL OF COMPLEX NETWORKS. - ISSN 2051-1329. - 10:1(2022). [10.1093/comnet/cnab050]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2922448
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact