Empirical evidence of the theoretically expected trends of ecosystem development is scarce so far. In this research, we used long-term empirical data about the plankton community of a small mountain lake (Lake Santo, northern Apennines, Italy) to reconstruct its developmental trajectory during a period comprised between early 1970 s and 2010 s. We exploited these data to build yearly ecological networks and from their configuration of energy flows we computed network information indices. The trends of these indices enlighten about the developmental trajectory of this ecosystem during the period covered by the data set. In particular, they indicate that Lake Santo evolved in the direction of increasing stability at the expense of efficiency in energy transfer. We compared these results with current hypotheses about the directionality of ecosystem development, which are rooted in ecosystem theory, and discussed the possibility that, counter to some theoretical models of ecosystem development, Lake Santo followed an unimpeded direction of development rather than a trajectory typical of an ecosystem under stress. Finally, the long-term trends of flow network indices provided insights about the health status of the ecosystem.

Flow network indices signal a directional change in ecosystems: Evidence from a small mountain lake (Lake Santo, northern Italy) / Scotti, Marco; Bondavalli, Cristina; Rossetti, Giampaolo; Bodini, Antonio. - In: ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS. - ISSN 1470-160X. - 139(2022), p. 108896. [10.1016/j.ecolind.2022.108896]

Flow network indices signal a directional change in ecosystems: Evidence from a small mountain lake (Lake Santo, northern Italy)

Bondavalli, Cristina;Rossetti, Giampaolo;Bodini, Antonio
2022

Abstract

Empirical evidence of the theoretically expected trends of ecosystem development is scarce so far. In this research, we used long-term empirical data about the plankton community of a small mountain lake (Lake Santo, northern Apennines, Italy) to reconstruct its developmental trajectory during a period comprised between early 1970 s and 2010 s. We exploited these data to build yearly ecological networks and from their configuration of energy flows we computed network information indices. The trends of these indices enlighten about the developmental trajectory of this ecosystem during the period covered by the data set. In particular, they indicate that Lake Santo evolved in the direction of increasing stability at the expense of efficiency in energy transfer. We compared these results with current hypotheses about the directionality of ecosystem development, which are rooted in ecosystem theory, and discussed the possibility that, counter to some theoretical models of ecosystem development, Lake Santo followed an unimpeded direction of development rather than a trajectory typical of an ecosystem under stress. Finally, the long-term trends of flow network indices provided insights about the health status of the ecosystem.
Flow network indices signal a directional change in ecosystems: Evidence from a small mountain lake (Lake Santo, northern Italy) / Scotti, Marco; Bondavalli, Cristina; Rossetti, Giampaolo; Bodini, Antonio. - In: ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS. - ISSN 1470-160X. - 139(2022), p. 108896. [10.1016/j.ecolind.2022.108896]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
ECOIND_108896.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipologia: Versione (PDF) editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 2.5 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.5 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2922334
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact