The incorporation of waste materials into concrete allows responding to some of the most significant issues of our society: waste management and climate change. Experimental studies carried out in last decades have shown that municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) ash, and particularly bottom ash, which constitutes the major solid by-product of incineration process, can be adopted to produce building materials. However, several issues are related to the safety and the environmental impact of MSWI ash utilization for concrete production, mainly linked with the leaching of heavy metals and toxic organic components. To solve these problems, several treatments for MSWI ash can be adopted and, among them, in this work the attention was focused on vitrification technology, which enables to convert the ash in a glassy inert solid material. The aim of the present paper is to study the feasibility of developing a “green concrete” that incorporates vitrified MSWI bottom ash as partial cement replacement, so reducing the cement content and consequently the carbon dioxide emissions as well as the raw materials consumption related to its production. The vitrified MSWI bottom ash, ground at micrometer size, was inserted into the admixtures by considering two percentages of cement substitution (10% and 20% by weight of cement). The flexural behavior of concrete containing vitrified MSWI ash was investigated through three-point bending tests under crack mouth opening displacement control. The crack path evolution was further explored by adopting the Digital Image Correlation technique. By analyzing the obtained results, it can be concluded that the use into concrete of vitrified MSWI bottom ash as cement replacement up to a percentage of 20% by weight of cement, allows reaching comparable flexural resistances with respect to the reference concrete. So, the proposed approach can represent a viable solution for the development of environmental-friendly concretes able to reduce the environmental impact of the concrete industry, which is mostly related to cement production, as known.

Fracture behavior of concretes containing MSWI vitrified bottom ash / Sirico, Alice; Bernardi, Patrizia; Sciancalepore, Corrado; Milanese, Daniel; Ferraris, Monica; Belletti, Beatrice. - In: PROCEDIA STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY. - ISSN 2452-3216. - 39(2022), pp. 494-502. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 7th International Conference on Crack Paths (CP2021) tenutosi a online nel September 21st to 24th, 2021 [10.1016/j.prostr.2022.03.122].

Fracture behavior of concretes containing MSWI vitrified bottom ash

Alice Sirico;Patrizia Bernardi;Corrado Sciancalepore;Daniel Milanese;Beatrice Belletti
2022

Abstract

The incorporation of waste materials into concrete allows responding to some of the most significant issues of our society: waste management and climate change. Experimental studies carried out in last decades have shown that municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) ash, and particularly bottom ash, which constitutes the major solid by-product of incineration process, can be adopted to produce building materials. However, several issues are related to the safety and the environmental impact of MSWI ash utilization for concrete production, mainly linked with the leaching of heavy metals and toxic organic components. To solve these problems, several treatments for MSWI ash can be adopted and, among them, in this work the attention was focused on vitrification technology, which enables to convert the ash in a glassy inert solid material. The aim of the present paper is to study the feasibility of developing a “green concrete” that incorporates vitrified MSWI bottom ash as partial cement replacement, so reducing the cement content and consequently the carbon dioxide emissions as well as the raw materials consumption related to its production. The vitrified MSWI bottom ash, ground at micrometer size, was inserted into the admixtures by considering two percentages of cement substitution (10% and 20% by weight of cement). The flexural behavior of concrete containing vitrified MSWI ash was investigated through three-point bending tests under crack mouth opening displacement control. The crack path evolution was further explored by adopting the Digital Image Correlation technique. By analyzing the obtained results, it can be concluded that the use into concrete of vitrified MSWI bottom ash as cement replacement up to a percentage of 20% by weight of cement, allows reaching comparable flexural resistances with respect to the reference concrete. So, the proposed approach can represent a viable solution for the development of environmental-friendly concretes able to reduce the environmental impact of the concrete industry, which is mostly related to cement production, as known.
Fracture behavior of concretes containing MSWI vitrified bottom ash / Sirico, Alice; Bernardi, Patrizia; Sciancalepore, Corrado; Milanese, Daniel; Ferraris, Monica; Belletti, Beatrice. - In: PROCEDIA STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY. - ISSN 2452-3216. - 39(2022), pp. 494-502. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 7th International Conference on Crack Paths (CP2021) tenutosi a online nel September 21st to 24th, 2021 [10.1016/j.prostr.2022.03.122].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2920609
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