In this white paper, we outline some of the scientific opportunities and challenges related to detection and reconstruction of low-energy (less than 100 MeV) signatures in liquid argon time-projection chamber (LArTPC) detectors. Key takeaways are summarized as follows. 1) LArTPCs have unique sensitivity to a range of physics and astrophysics signatures via detection of event features at and below the few tens of MeV range. 2) Low-energy signatures are an integral part of GeV-scale accelerator neutrino interaction final states, and their reconstruction can enhance the oscillation physics sensitivities of LArTPC experiments. 3) BSM signals from accelerator and natural sources also generate diverse signatures in the low-energy range, and reconstruction of these signatures can increase the breadth of BSM scenarios accessible in LArTPC-based searches. 4) Neutrino interaction cross sections and other nuclear physics processes in argon relevant to sub-hundred-MeV LArTPC signatures are poorly understood. Improved theory and experimental measurements are needed. Pion decay-at-rest sources and charged particle and neutron test beams are ideal facilities for experimentally improving this understanding. 5) There are specific calibration needs in the low-energy range, as well as specific needs for control and understanding of radiological and cosmogenic backgrounds. 6) Novel ideas for future LArTPC technology that enhance low-energy capabilities should be explored. These include novel charge enhancement and readout systems, enhanced photon detection, low radioactivity argon, and xenon doping. 7) Low-energy signatures, whether steady-state or part of a supernova burst or larger GeV-scale event topology, have specific triggering, DAQ and reconstruction requirements that must be addressed outside the scope of conventional GeV-scale data collection and analysis pathways.

Low-Energy Physics in Neutrino LArTPCs / Caratelli, D.; Foreman, W.; Friedland, A.; Gardiner, S.; Gil-Botella, I.; Karagiorgi, G.; Kirby, M.; Lehmann Miotto, G.; Littlejohn, B. R.; Mooney, M.; Reichenbacher, J.; Sousa, A.; Scholberg, K.; Yu, J.; Yang, T.; Andringa, S.; Asaadi, J.; Bezerra, T. J. C.; Capozzi, F.; Cavanna, F.; Church, E.; Himmel, A.; Junk, T.; Klein, J.; Lepetic, I.; Li, S.; Sala, P.; Schellman, H.; Sorel, M.; Wang, J.; Wang, M. H. L. S.; Wu, W.; Zennamo, J.; Acero, M. A.; Adames, M. R.; Amar, H.; Andrade, D. A.; Andreopoulos, C.; Ankowski, A. M.; Arroyave, M. A.; Aushev, V.; Ayala-Torres, M. A.; Baldi, P.; Backhouse, C.; Balantekin, A. B.; Barkhouse, W. A.; Barham Alzas, P.; Barrow, J. L.; Battat, J. B. R.; Bazetto, M. C. Q.; Beacom, J. F.; Behera, B.; Bellettini, G.; Berger, J.; Bezerra, A. T.; Bian, J.; Bilki, B.; Bles, B.; Bolton, T.; Bomben, L.; Bonesini, M.; Bonilla-Diaz, C.; Boran, F.; Borkum, A. N.; Bostan, N.; Brailsford, D.; Branca, A.; Brunetti, G.; Cai, T.; Chappell, A.; Charitonidis, N.; Cintra, P. H. P.; Conley, E.; Coan, T. E.; Cova, P.; Cremaldi, L. M.; Crespo-Anadon, J. I.; Cuesta, C.; Dallavalle, R.; Davies, G. S.; De, S.; Dedin Neto, P.; Delgado, M.; Delmonte, N.; Denton, P. B.; De Roeck, A.; Dharmapalan, R.; Djurcic, Z.; Dolek, F.; Doran, S.; Dorrill, R.; Duffy, K. E.; Dutta, B.; Dvornikov, O.; Edayath, S.; Evans, J. J.; Ezeribe, A. C.; Falcone, A.; Fani, M.; Felix, J.; Feng, Y.; Fields, L.; Filip, P.; Fiorillo, G.; Franco, D.; Garcia-Gamez, D.; Giri, A.; Gogota, O.; Gollapinni, S.; Goodman, M.; Gramellini, E.; Gran, R.; Granger, P.; Grant, C.; Greenberg, S. E.; Groh, M.; Guenette, R.; Guffanti, D.; Harris, D. A.; Hatzikoutelis, A.; Heeger, K. M.; Hernandez Morquecho, M.; Herner, K.; Ho, J.; Holanda, P C.; Ilic, N.; Jackson, C. M.; Jang, W.; Janka, H. -Th.; Jo, J. H.; Joaquim, F. R.; Jones, R. S.; Jovancevic, N.; Jwa, Y. -J.; Kalra, D.; Kaplan, D. M.; Katsioulas, I.; Kearns, E.; Kelly, K. J.; Kemp, E.; Ketchum, W.; Kish, A.; Koerner, L. W.; Kosc, T.; Kothekar, K.; Kreslo, I.; Kubota, S.; Kudryavtsev, V. A.; Kumar, P.; Kutter, T.; Kvasnicka, J.; Lazanu, I.; LeCompte, T.; Li, Y.; Liu, Y.; Lokajicek, M.; Louis, W. C.; Luk, K. B.; Luo, X.; Machado, P. A. N.; Machulin, I. M.; Mahn, K.; Man, M.; Mandujano, R. C.; Maneira, J.; Marchionni, A.; Marfatia, D.; Marinho, F.; Mariani, C.; Marshall, C. M.; Martinez Lopez, F.; Martinez Caicedo, D. A.; Mastbaum, A.; Matheny, M.; McConkey, N.; Mehta, P.; Messer, O. E. B.; Minotti, A.; Miranda, O. G.; Mishra, P.; Mocioiu, I.; Mogan, A.; Mohanta, R.; Mohayai, T.; Montanari, C.; Montano Zetina, L. M.; Moor, A. F.; Moretti, D.; Moura, C. A.; Mualem, L. M.; Nachtman, J.; Narita, S.; Navrer-Agasson, A.; Nebot-Guinot, M.; Nikolov, J.; Nowak, J. A.; Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P.; O'Connor, E.; Onel, Y.; Onishchuk, Y.; Orebi Gann, G. D.; Pandey, V.; Parozzi, E. G.; Parveen, S.; Parvu, M.; Patterson, R. B.; Paulucci, L.; Pec, V.; Peeters, S. J. M.; Pompa, F.; Poonthottathil, N.; Poudel, S. S.; Psihas, F.; Rafique, A.; Ramson, B. J.; Real, J. S.; Rikalo, A.; Ross-Lonergan, M.; Russell, B.; Sacerdoti, S.; Sahu, N.; Sanders, D. A.; Santoro, D.; Santos, M. V.; Senise, C. R.; Shanahan, P. N.; R Sharma, H.; Sharma, R. K.; Shi, W.; Shin, S.; Singh, J.; Singh, J.; Singh, L.; Singh, P.; Singh, V.; Soderberg, M.; Soldner-Rembold, S.; Soto-Oton, J.; Spurgeon, K.; Steklain, A. F.; Stocker, F.; Stokes, T.; Strait, J.; Strait, M.; Strauss, T.; Suter, L.; Svoboda, R.; Szelc, A. M.; Szydagis, M.; Tarpara, E.; Tatar, E.; Terranova, F.; Testera, G.; Chithirasree, N.; Todorovic, N.; Tonazzo, A.; Torti, M.; Tortorici, F.; Toups, M.; Tran, D. Q.; Travar, M.; Tsai, Y. -D.; Tsai, Y. -T.; Tu, S. Z.; Urheim, J.; Utaegbulam, H.; Valder, S.; Valdiviesso, G. A.; Valentim, R.; Vergani, S.; Viren, B.; Vranicar, A.; Wang, B.; Waters, D.; Weatherly, P.; Weber, M.; Wei, H.; Westerdale, S.; Whitehead, L. H.; Whittington, D.; Wilkinson, A.; Wilson, R. J.; Worcester, M.; Wresilo, K.; Yaeggy, B.; Yang, G.; Zalesak, J.; Zamorano, B.; Zuklin, J.. - ELETTRONICO. - (2022). ((Intervento presentato al convegno Snowmass 2021 nel 1 Marzo 2022 [10.48550/arxiv.2203.00740].

Low-Energy Physics in Neutrino LArTPCs

P. Cova;N. Delmonte;D. Santoro;
2022

Abstract

In this white paper, we outline some of the scientific opportunities and challenges related to detection and reconstruction of low-energy (less than 100 MeV) signatures in liquid argon time-projection chamber (LArTPC) detectors. Key takeaways are summarized as follows. 1) LArTPCs have unique sensitivity to a range of physics and astrophysics signatures via detection of event features at and below the few tens of MeV range. 2) Low-energy signatures are an integral part of GeV-scale accelerator neutrino interaction final states, and their reconstruction can enhance the oscillation physics sensitivities of LArTPC experiments. 3) BSM signals from accelerator and natural sources also generate diverse signatures in the low-energy range, and reconstruction of these signatures can increase the breadth of BSM scenarios accessible in LArTPC-based searches. 4) Neutrino interaction cross sections and other nuclear physics processes in argon relevant to sub-hundred-MeV LArTPC signatures are poorly understood. Improved theory and experimental measurements are needed. Pion decay-at-rest sources and charged particle and neutron test beams are ideal facilities for experimentally improving this understanding. 5) There are specific calibration needs in the low-energy range, as well as specific needs for control and understanding of radiological and cosmogenic backgrounds. 6) Novel ideas for future LArTPC technology that enhance low-energy capabilities should be explored. These include novel charge enhancement and readout systems, enhanced photon detection, low radioactivity argon, and xenon doping. 7) Low-energy signatures, whether steady-state or part of a supernova burst or larger GeV-scale event topology, have specific triggering, DAQ and reconstruction requirements that must be addressed outside the scope of conventional GeV-scale data collection and analysis pathways.
Low-Energy Physics in Neutrino LArTPCs / Caratelli, D.; Foreman, W.; Friedland, A.; Gardiner, S.; Gil-Botella, I.; Karagiorgi, G.; Kirby, M.; Lehmann Miotto, G.; Littlejohn, B. R.; Mooney, M.; Reichenbacher, J.; Sousa, A.; Scholberg, K.; Yu, J.; Yang, T.; Andringa, S.; Asaadi, J.; Bezerra, T. J. C.; Capozzi, F.; Cavanna, F.; Church, E.; Himmel, A.; Junk, T.; Klein, J.; Lepetic, I.; Li, S.; Sala, P.; Schellman, H.; Sorel, M.; Wang, J.; Wang, M. H. L. S.; Wu, W.; Zennamo, J.; Acero, M. A.; Adames, M. R.; Amar, H.; Andrade, D. A.; Andreopoulos, C.; Ankowski, A. M.; Arroyave, M. A.; Aushev, V.; Ayala-Torres, M. A.; Baldi, P.; Backhouse, C.; Balantekin, A. B.; Barkhouse, W. A.; Barham Alzas, P.; Barrow, J. L.; Battat, J. B. R.; Bazetto, M. C. Q.; Beacom, J. F.; Behera, B.; Bellettini, G.; Berger, J.; Bezerra, A. T.; Bian, J.; Bilki, B.; Bles, B.; Bolton, T.; Bomben, L.; Bonesini, M.; Bonilla-Diaz, C.; Boran, F.; Borkum, A. N.; Bostan, N.; Brailsford, D.; Branca, A.; Brunetti, G.; Cai, T.; Chappell, A.; Charitonidis, N.; Cintra, P. H. P.; Conley, E.; Coan, T. E.; Cova, P.; Cremaldi, L. M.; Crespo-Anadon, J. I.; Cuesta, C.; Dallavalle, R.; Davies, G. S.; De, S.; Dedin Neto, P.; Delgado, M.; Delmonte, N.; Denton, P. B.; De Roeck, A.; Dharmapalan, R.; Djurcic, Z.; Dolek, F.; Doran, S.; Dorrill, R.; Duffy, K. E.; Dutta, B.; Dvornikov, O.; Edayath, S.; Evans, J. J.; Ezeribe, A. C.; Falcone, A.; Fani, M.; Felix, J.; Feng, Y.; Fields, L.; Filip, P.; Fiorillo, G.; Franco, D.; Garcia-Gamez, D.; Giri, A.; Gogota, O.; Gollapinni, S.; Goodman, M.; Gramellini, E.; Gran, R.; Granger, P.; Grant, C.; Greenberg, S. E.; Groh, M.; Guenette, R.; Guffanti, D.; Harris, D. A.; Hatzikoutelis, A.; Heeger, K. M.; Hernandez Morquecho, M.; Herner, K.; Ho, J.; Holanda, P C.; Ilic, N.; Jackson, C. M.; Jang, W.; Janka, H. -Th.; Jo, J. H.; Joaquim, F. R.; Jones, R. S.; Jovancevic, N.; Jwa, Y. -J.; Kalra, D.; Kaplan, D. M.; Katsioulas, I.; Kearns, E.; Kelly, K. J.; Kemp, E.; Ketchum, W.; Kish, A.; Koerner, L. W.; Kosc, T.; Kothekar, K.; Kreslo, I.; Kubota, S.; Kudryavtsev, V. A.; Kumar, P.; Kutter, T.; Kvasnicka, J.; Lazanu, I.; LeCompte, T.; Li, Y.; Liu, Y.; Lokajicek, M.; Louis, W. C.; Luk, K. B.; Luo, X.; Machado, P. A. N.; Machulin, I. M.; Mahn, K.; Man, M.; Mandujano, R. C.; Maneira, J.; Marchionni, A.; Marfatia, D.; Marinho, F.; Mariani, C.; Marshall, C. M.; Martinez Lopez, F.; Martinez Caicedo, D. A.; Mastbaum, A.; Matheny, M.; McConkey, N.; Mehta, P.; Messer, O. E. B.; Minotti, A.; Miranda, O. G.; Mishra, P.; Mocioiu, I.; Mogan, A.; Mohanta, R.; Mohayai, T.; Montanari, C.; Montano Zetina, L. M.; Moor, A. F.; Moretti, D.; Moura, C. A.; Mualem, L. M.; Nachtman, J.; Narita, S.; Navrer-Agasson, A.; Nebot-Guinot, M.; Nikolov, J.; Nowak, J. A.; Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P.; O'Connor, E.; Onel, Y.; Onishchuk, Y.; Orebi Gann, G. D.; Pandey, V.; Parozzi, E. G.; Parveen, S.; Parvu, M.; Patterson, R. B.; Paulucci, L.; Pec, V.; Peeters, S. J. M.; Pompa, F.; Poonthottathil, N.; Poudel, S. S.; Psihas, F.; Rafique, A.; Ramson, B. J.; Real, J. S.; Rikalo, A.; Ross-Lonergan, M.; Russell, B.; Sacerdoti, S.; Sahu, N.; Sanders, D. A.; Santoro, D.; Santos, M. V.; Senise, C. R.; Shanahan, P. N.; R Sharma, H.; Sharma, R. K.; Shi, W.; Shin, S.; Singh, J.; Singh, J.; Singh, L.; Singh, P.; Singh, V.; Soderberg, M.; Soldner-Rembold, S.; Soto-Oton, J.; Spurgeon, K.; Steklain, A. F.; Stocker, F.; Stokes, T.; Strait, J.; Strait, M.; Strauss, T.; Suter, L.; Svoboda, R.; Szelc, A. M.; Szydagis, M.; Tarpara, E.; Tatar, E.; Terranova, F.; Testera, G.; Chithirasree, N.; Todorovic, N.; Tonazzo, A.; Torti, M.; Tortorici, F.; Toups, M.; Tran, D. Q.; Travar, M.; Tsai, Y. -D.; Tsai, Y. -T.; Tu, S. Z.; Urheim, J.; Utaegbulam, H.; Valder, S.; Valdiviesso, G. A.; Valentim, R.; Vergani, S.; Viren, B.; Vranicar, A.; Wang, B.; Waters, D.; Weatherly, P.; Weber, M.; Wei, H.; Westerdale, S.; Whitehead, L. H.; Whittington, D.; Wilkinson, A.; Wilson, R. J.; Worcester, M.; Wresilo, K.; Yaeggy, B.; Yang, G.; Zalesak, J.; Zamorano, B.; Zuklin, J.. - ELETTRONICO. - (2022). ((Intervento presentato al convegno Snowmass 2021 nel 1 Marzo 2022 [10.48550/arxiv.2203.00740].
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