The present work reports on the preparation and subsequent mechanical, morphological and thermal characterization of composites based on poly(butylene adipate terephthalate) (PBAT), reinforced with micro-particles of inorganic bioabsorbable calcium-phosphate glass (CPG) at different contents up to 40 wt%. The PBAT-CPG composites were prepared by solvent casting. The resulting composite pellets were used for the injection molding of model 1BA specimens, according to standard UNI EN ISO 527. PBAT-CPG composites displayed an effective increase of the Young's modulus (E) up to 82% with respect to the pristine polymer, while showing a reduction of the yield stress (σy) up to 20%, of the stress at break (σB) up to 46%, of the strain at break (εB) up to 57% and of the toughness (T) up to 72%. The values of E, σy and σB were also compared and validated with theoretical values calculated using Kerner’s and Pukanszky’s models. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images display homogeneous dispersion and distribution of the filler particles in the polymer matrix with no aggregates or phase separation that would cause a deterioration of the material properties. Infrared (IR) spectroscopy did not show structural variations of the polymer matrix due to the CPG presence. The oxygen permeability in PBAT-based samples assumes significantly lower values when benchmarked with the permeability of low-density polyethylene (LDPE). Among the different composites, a decrease in oxygen permeability is observed as the CPG concentration increases. Regarding water vapor permeability, PBAT-based samples show a lower barrier effect than PE: in particular, permeability to water vapor assumes an increasing trend as the quantity of filler increases. The tuneable degradability of the final composite materials was defined by the disintegration degree (DD) determination under composting conditions in a laboratory-scale reactor. The developed materials prove to be valid biodegradable and eco-friendly alternatives to traditional thermoplastic polymers, such as LDPE, and can be applied in many fields, especially in package and mulch film applications.

Preparation and characterization of innovative poly(butylene adipate terephthalate)-based biocomposites for agri-food packaging application / Sciancalepore, Corrado; Togliatti, Elena; Giubilini, Alberto; Pugliese, Diego; Moroni, Fabrizio; Messori, Massimo; Milanese, Daniel. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE. - ISSN 0021-8995. - (2022).

Preparation and characterization of innovative poly(butylene adipate terephthalate)-based biocomposites for agri-food packaging application

Corrado Sciancalepore;Elena Togliatti;Fabrizio Moroni;Daniel Milanese
2022

Abstract

The present work reports on the preparation and subsequent mechanical, morphological and thermal characterization of composites based on poly(butylene adipate terephthalate) (PBAT), reinforced with micro-particles of inorganic bioabsorbable calcium-phosphate glass (CPG) at different contents up to 40 wt%. The PBAT-CPG composites were prepared by solvent casting. The resulting composite pellets were used for the injection molding of model 1BA specimens, according to standard UNI EN ISO 527. PBAT-CPG composites displayed an effective increase of the Young's modulus (E) up to 82% with respect to the pristine polymer, while showing a reduction of the yield stress (σy) up to 20%, of the stress at break (σB) up to 46%, of the strain at break (εB) up to 57% and of the toughness (T) up to 72%. The values of E, σy and σB were also compared and validated with theoretical values calculated using Kerner’s and Pukanszky’s models. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images display homogeneous dispersion and distribution of the filler particles in the polymer matrix with no aggregates or phase separation that would cause a deterioration of the material properties. Infrared (IR) spectroscopy did not show structural variations of the polymer matrix due to the CPG presence. The oxygen permeability in PBAT-based samples assumes significantly lower values when benchmarked with the permeability of low-density polyethylene (LDPE). Among the different composites, a decrease in oxygen permeability is observed as the CPG concentration increases. Regarding water vapor permeability, PBAT-based samples show a lower barrier effect than PE: in particular, permeability to water vapor assumes an increasing trend as the quantity of filler increases. The tuneable degradability of the final composite materials was defined by the disintegration degree (DD) determination under composting conditions in a laboratory-scale reactor. The developed materials prove to be valid biodegradable and eco-friendly alternatives to traditional thermoplastic polymers, such as LDPE, and can be applied in many fields, especially in package and mulch film applications.
Preparation and characterization of innovative poly(butylene adipate terephthalate)-based biocomposites for agri-food packaging application / Sciancalepore, Corrado; Togliatti, Elena; Giubilini, Alberto; Pugliese, Diego; Moroni, Fabrizio; Messori, Massimo; Milanese, Daniel. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE. - ISSN 0021-8995. - (2022).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2919912
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