Accurate, prompt, and reliable tools for the diagnosis of malaria are crucial for tracking the successes or drawbacks of control and elimination efforts, and for future programs aimed at global malaria eradication. Although microscopy remains the gold standard method, the number of imported malaria cases and the risk of reappearance of autochthonous cases stimulated several laboratories located in European countries to evaluate methods and algorithms suited to non-endemic settings, where skilled microscopists are not always available. In this review, an overview of the field evaluation and a comparison of the methods used for the diagnosis of malaria by European laboratories is reported, showing that the development of numerous innovations is continuous. In particular, the combination of rapid diagnostic tests and molecular assays with microscopy represents a reliable system for the early diagnosis of malaria in non-endemic settings.

Malaria diagnosis in non-endemic settings: The european experience in the last 22 years / Calderaro, A.; Montecchini, S.; Buttrini, M.; Piccolo, G.; Rossi, S.; Arcangeletti, M. C.; Farina, B.; De Conto, F.; Chezzi, C.. - In: MICROORGANISMS. - ISSN 2076-2607. - 9:11(2021), p. 2265.2265. [10.3390/microorganisms9112265]

Malaria diagnosis in non-endemic settings: The european experience in the last 22 years

Calderaro A.
;
Montecchini S.;Buttrini M.;Piccolo G.;Rossi S.;Arcangeletti M. C.;De Conto F.;Chezzi C.
2021

Abstract

Accurate, prompt, and reliable tools for the diagnosis of malaria are crucial for tracking the successes or drawbacks of control and elimination efforts, and for future programs aimed at global malaria eradication. Although microscopy remains the gold standard method, the number of imported malaria cases and the risk of reappearance of autochthonous cases stimulated several laboratories located in European countries to evaluate methods and algorithms suited to non-endemic settings, where skilled microscopists are not always available. In this review, an overview of the field evaluation and a comparison of the methods used for the diagnosis of malaria by European laboratories is reported, showing that the development of numerous innovations is continuous. In particular, the combination of rapid diagnostic tests and molecular assays with microscopy represents a reliable system for the early diagnosis of malaria in non-endemic settings.
Malaria diagnosis in non-endemic settings: The european experience in the last 22 years / Calderaro, A.; Montecchini, S.; Buttrini, M.; Piccolo, G.; Rossi, S.; Arcangeletti, M. C.; Farina, B.; De Conto, F.; Chezzi, C.. - In: MICROORGANISMS. - ISSN 2076-2607. - 9:11(2021), p. 2265.2265. [10.3390/microorganisms9112265]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2918368
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