An innovative and sensitive HPLC–UV method for the extraction and quantification of methotrexate (MTX) in skin layers was developed and validated. Owing to the physico-chemical characteristics of the drug and the nature of the tissue, it was necessary to use folic acid (FA) as an internal standard for MTX quantification in the dermis. MTX (and FA) analysis was performed on a Phenomenex Jupiter C18 column, using a 50 mm sodium acetate buffer (pH 3.6) and methanol mixture (87:13, v/v) as mobile phase, pumped at 1 ml/min. The absorbance was monitored at 290 nm. The method was selective, linear in the range 0.11–8.49 μg/ml for extraction solvent and 0.05–8.94 μg/ml for pH 7.4 phosphate-buffered saline, precise and accurate, with lower limits of quantitation of 0.11 μg/ml (extraction solvent) and 0.05 μg/ml (pH 7.4 phosphate-buffered saline). The method developed is suitable for the quantification of MTX in skin layers at the end of in vitro permeation experiments; the overall mass balance was 96.5 ± 1.4%, in line with the requirements of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development guideline for the testing of the chemicals (Skin absorption: in vitro method).

Development and validation of a HPLC–UV based method for the extraction and quantification of methotrexate in the skin / Giulio, L.; Padula, C.; Pescina, S.; Nicoli, S.; Santi, P.. - In: BIOMEDICAL CHROMATOGRAPHY. - ISSN 0269-3879. - (2022), p. e5349. [10.1002/bmc.5349]

Development and validation of a HPLC–UV based method for the extraction and quantification of methotrexate in the skin

Giulio L.;Padula C.;Pescina S.;Nicoli S.;Santi P.
2022

Abstract

An innovative and sensitive HPLC–UV method for the extraction and quantification of methotrexate (MTX) in skin layers was developed and validated. Owing to the physico-chemical characteristics of the drug and the nature of the tissue, it was necessary to use folic acid (FA) as an internal standard for MTX quantification in the dermis. MTX (and FA) analysis was performed on a Phenomenex Jupiter C18 column, using a 50 mm sodium acetate buffer (pH 3.6) and methanol mixture (87:13, v/v) as mobile phase, pumped at 1 ml/min. The absorbance was monitored at 290 nm. The method was selective, linear in the range 0.11–8.49 μg/ml for extraction solvent and 0.05–8.94 μg/ml for pH 7.4 phosphate-buffered saline, precise and accurate, with lower limits of quantitation of 0.11 μg/ml (extraction solvent) and 0.05 μg/ml (pH 7.4 phosphate-buffered saline). The method developed is suitable for the quantification of MTX in skin layers at the end of in vitro permeation experiments; the overall mass balance was 96.5 ± 1.4%, in line with the requirements of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development guideline for the testing of the chemicals (Skin absorption: in vitro method).
Development and validation of a HPLC–UV based method for the extraction and quantification of methotrexate in the skin / Giulio, L.; Padula, C.; Pescina, S.; Nicoli, S.; Santi, P.. - In: BIOMEDICAL CHROMATOGRAPHY. - ISSN 0269-3879. - (2022), p. e5349. [10.1002/bmc.5349]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2916909
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