Real-time elastosonography (RTE) is a recently described, non-invasive, ultrasonographic technique developed to assess tissue elasticity. The main aim of this study was to investigate the ultrasonographic and elastosonographic appearance of the common calcaneal tendon (CCT) in an ovine model, and to monitor the progression of tendon healing after an experimentally-induced tendinopathy. Sound tendons were initially evaluated (T0 ) with a caliper and by a single operator with ultrasound. Ultrasonographic and elastosonographic images were then acquired. Subsequently, ultrasound-guided tendon lesions were induced by injecting 500 IU of Type IA collagenases proximally to the calcaneal tuberosity. Caliper measurement, ultrasonography and elastosonography were then repeated at 15 (T1 ), 30 (T2 ) and 60 (T3 ) days. Clinically measured width of the tendon, ultrasonographic thickness and width and percentage of hard (Elx-t%hrd) and soft (Elx-t%sft) tissue were recorded. Statistical analysis was performed on the data collected; statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) revealed good (0.68) repeatability of elastosonographic evaluation of the CCT. The tendon width was significantly increased when comparing T0 with T1–2 and decreased when comparing T1–2 with T3 . Ultrasound-assessed thickness was significantly increased between T0–T1 and decreased between T1-T2–3 . Elx-t%hrd was significantly decreased at T1–2–3 and Elx-t%sft was significantly increased at T1–2–3 . In conclusion, the ovine CCT is a highly stiff structure that undergoes a severe loss of stiffness during the healing process. Thickness and width of the tendon increased during the first 30 days and then reduced progressively along the subsequent 30 days. Ultrasonographic appearance of the tendon remained severely abnormal and the tendon showed severely reduced elastic proprieties 60 days after lesion induction.

Serial ultrasonographic and real-time elastosonographic assessment of the ovine common calcaneal tendon, after an experimentally induced tendinopathy / Serrani, D.; Volta, A.; Cingolani, F.; Pennasilico, L.; Di Bella, C.; Bonazzi, M.; Salvaggio, A.; Piccionello, A. P.. - In: VETERINARY SCIENCES. - ISSN 2306-7381. - 8:4(2021), p. 54.54. [10.3390/vetsci8040054]

Serial ultrasonographic and real-time elastosonographic assessment of the ovine common calcaneal tendon, after an experimentally induced tendinopathy

Volta A.;Bonazzi M.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Real-time elastosonography (RTE) is a recently described, non-invasive, ultrasonographic technique developed to assess tissue elasticity. The main aim of this study was to investigate the ultrasonographic and elastosonographic appearance of the common calcaneal tendon (CCT) in an ovine model, and to monitor the progression of tendon healing after an experimentally-induced tendinopathy. Sound tendons were initially evaluated (T0 ) with a caliper and by a single operator with ultrasound. Ultrasonographic and elastosonographic images were then acquired. Subsequently, ultrasound-guided tendon lesions were induced by injecting 500 IU of Type IA collagenases proximally to the calcaneal tuberosity. Caliper measurement, ultrasonography and elastosonography were then repeated at 15 (T1 ), 30 (T2 ) and 60 (T3 ) days. Clinically measured width of the tendon, ultrasonographic thickness and width and percentage of hard (Elx-t%hrd) and soft (Elx-t%sft) tissue were recorded. Statistical analysis was performed on the data collected; statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) revealed good (0.68) repeatability of elastosonographic evaluation of the CCT. The tendon width was significantly increased when comparing T0 with T1–2 and decreased when comparing T1–2 with T3 . Ultrasound-assessed thickness was significantly increased between T0–T1 and decreased between T1-T2–3 . Elx-t%hrd was significantly decreased at T1–2–3 and Elx-t%sft was significantly increased at T1–2–3 . In conclusion, the ovine CCT is a highly stiff structure that undergoes a severe loss of stiffness during the healing process. Thickness and width of the tendon increased during the first 30 days and then reduced progressively along the subsequent 30 days. Ultrasonographic appearance of the tendon remained severely abnormal and the tendon showed severely reduced elastic proprieties 60 days after lesion induction.
Serial ultrasonographic and real-time elastosonographic assessment of the ovine common calcaneal tendon, after an experimentally induced tendinopathy / Serrani, D.; Volta, A.; Cingolani, F.; Pennasilico, L.; Di Bella, C.; Bonazzi, M.; Salvaggio, A.; Piccionello, A. P.. - In: VETERINARY SCIENCES. - ISSN 2306-7381. - 8:4(2021), p. 54.54. [10.3390/vetsci8040054]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2915734
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