Purpose: We investigated whether the additional use of grey-scale inversion technique improves the interpretation of eight chest abnormalities, in terms of diagnostic performance and interobserver variability. Material and methods: A total of 507 patients who underwent a chest computed tomography (CT) examination and a chest radiography (CXR) within 24 h were enrolled. CT was the standard of reference. Images were retrospectively reviewed for the presence of atelectasis, consolidation, interstitial abnormality, nodule, mass, pleural effusion, pneumothorax and rib fractures. Four CXR reading settings, involving 3 readers were organized: only standard; only inverted; standard followed by inverted; and inverted followed by standard. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and accuracy, assessed with the area under the curve (AUC), and their 95% confidence interval were calculated for each reader and setting. Interobserver agreement was tested by Cohen's K test with quadratic weights (Kw) and its 95%CI. Results: CXR sensitivity % for any finding was 35.1 (95% CI: 33 to 37) for setting 1, 35.9 (95% CI: 33 to 37), for setting 2, 32.59 (95% CI: 30 to 34) for setting 3, and 35.56 (95% CI: 33 to 37) for setting 4; specificity % 93.78 (95% CI: 91 to 95), 93.92 (95% CI: 91 to 95), 94.43 (95% CI: 92 to 96), 93.86 (95% CI: 91 to 95); PPV % 56.22 (95% CI: 54.2 to 58.2), 56.49 (95% CI: 54.5 to 58.5), 57.15 (95% CI: 55 to 59), 56.75 (95% CI: 54 to 58); NPV % 85.66 (95% CI: 83 to 87), 85.74 (95% CI: 83 to 87), 85.29 (95% CI: 83 to 87), 85.73 (95% CI: 83 to 87); AUC values 0.64 (95% CI: 0.62 to 0.66), 0.65 (95% CI: 0.63 to 0.67), 0.64 (95% CI: 0.62 to 0.66), 0.65 (95% CI: 0.63 to 0.67); Kw values 0.42 (95% CI: 0.4 to 0.44), 0.40 (95% CI: 0.38 to 0.42), 0.42 (95% CI: 0.4 to 0.44), 0.41 (95% CI: 0.39 to 0.43) for settings 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively. Conclusions: No significant advantages were observed in the use of grey-scale inversion technique neither over standard display mode nor in combination at the detection of eight chest abnormalities.

The diagnostic value of grey-scale inversion technique in chest radiography / Ledda, Roberta Eufrasia; Silva, Mario; McMichael, Nicole; Sartorio, Carlotta; Branchi, Cristina; Milanese, Gianluca; Nayak, Sundeep M; Sverzellati, Nicola. - In: LA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA. - ISSN 0033-8362. - (2022). [10.1007/s11547-022-01453-0]

The diagnostic value of grey-scale inversion technique in chest radiography

Ledda, Roberta Eufrasia;Silva, Mario
Conceptualization
;
Sartorio, Carlotta;Branchi, Cristina;Milanese, Gianluca
;
Sverzellati, Nicola
2022

Abstract

Purpose: We investigated whether the additional use of grey-scale inversion technique improves the interpretation of eight chest abnormalities, in terms of diagnostic performance and interobserver variability. Material and methods: A total of 507 patients who underwent a chest computed tomography (CT) examination and a chest radiography (CXR) within 24 h were enrolled. CT was the standard of reference. Images were retrospectively reviewed for the presence of atelectasis, consolidation, interstitial abnormality, nodule, mass, pleural effusion, pneumothorax and rib fractures. Four CXR reading settings, involving 3 readers were organized: only standard; only inverted; standard followed by inverted; and inverted followed by standard. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and accuracy, assessed with the area under the curve (AUC), and their 95% confidence interval were calculated for each reader and setting. Interobserver agreement was tested by Cohen's K test with quadratic weights (Kw) and its 95%CI. Results: CXR sensitivity % for any finding was 35.1 (95% CI: 33 to 37) for setting 1, 35.9 (95% CI: 33 to 37), for setting 2, 32.59 (95% CI: 30 to 34) for setting 3, and 35.56 (95% CI: 33 to 37) for setting 4; specificity % 93.78 (95% CI: 91 to 95), 93.92 (95% CI: 91 to 95), 94.43 (95% CI: 92 to 96), 93.86 (95% CI: 91 to 95); PPV % 56.22 (95% CI: 54.2 to 58.2), 56.49 (95% CI: 54.5 to 58.5), 57.15 (95% CI: 55 to 59), 56.75 (95% CI: 54 to 58); NPV % 85.66 (95% CI: 83 to 87), 85.74 (95% CI: 83 to 87), 85.29 (95% CI: 83 to 87), 85.73 (95% CI: 83 to 87); AUC values 0.64 (95% CI: 0.62 to 0.66), 0.65 (95% CI: 0.63 to 0.67), 0.64 (95% CI: 0.62 to 0.66), 0.65 (95% CI: 0.63 to 0.67); Kw values 0.42 (95% CI: 0.4 to 0.44), 0.40 (95% CI: 0.38 to 0.42), 0.42 (95% CI: 0.4 to 0.44), 0.41 (95% CI: 0.39 to 0.43) for settings 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively. Conclusions: No significant advantages were observed in the use of grey-scale inversion technique neither over standard display mode nor in combination at the detection of eight chest abnormalities.
The diagnostic value of grey-scale inversion technique in chest radiography / Ledda, Roberta Eufrasia; Silva, Mario; McMichael, Nicole; Sartorio, Carlotta; Branchi, Cristina; Milanese, Gianluca; Nayak, Sundeep M; Sverzellati, Nicola. - In: LA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA. - ISSN 0033-8362. - (2022). [10.1007/s11547-022-01453-0]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2913309
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