Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers can affect the lipid profile and signaling of cells and thereby alter their function. A total of 5,700 bovine oocytes were used in a structured series of experiments to test the effects of CLA cis-9,. trans-11 and CLA trans-10,. cis-12 in vitro. In experiment 1, high doses of each CLA isomer during in vitro maturation (IVM) were compared with high or low doses during the entire in vitro culture (IVC) of parthenogenetic embryos. High doses of the CLA isomers ranged from 50 to 200. μ. M and low doses were 15 and 25. μ. M. In experiment 2, the low doses of each CLA isomer were tested during IVM/IVC on embryos produced by in vitro fertilization (IVF). Experiment 3 compared the effects of 15. μ. M doses of each CLA isomer during IVM or IVC of IVF embryos. In experiment 4, post-rewarming survival rates and blastomere counts were assessed for embryos supplemented with each CLA isomer during IVM or for 36. h before vitrification. In experiment 1, when either CLA isomer was provided only during IVM, we observed no effects on overall rates of maturation, cleavage, or blastocysts (92.2. ±. 1.6%, 78.3. ±. 4.1%, and 28.9. ±. 5.1%, respectively). However, high doses of each CLA isomer, but not low doses, during the entire embryo culture period decreased blastocyst rates (5-20%) in a dose-dependent manner. Cleavage rates improved with 15 or 50. μ. M CLA trans-10,. cis-12. Progesterone concentrations in maturation media were significantly increased by high doses of each CLA isomer compared with control, but low doses of CLA isomers had no effect. In experiment 2 with IVF embryos, low doses of each CLA isomer did not alter cleavage rates (average 84.9. ±. 1.9%) and only 25. μ. M CLA trans-10,. cis-12 during IVC reduced blastocyst rates below those of controls (25.5. ±. 2.1 vs. 38.2. ±. 2.3%). The lipid content of embryos was increased and relative expression of the BIRC5 (baculoviral IAP repeat containing 5) gene was depressed by CLA trans-10,. cis-12. In experiment 3, low doses (15. μ. M) of each CLA isomer during IVC significantly reduced blastocyst rates (20.6. ±. 2.4% and 27.7. ±. 1.2% vs. 34.18. ±. 1.2% for CLA trans-10,. cis-12 and CLA cis-9,. trans-11 compared with control, respectively) with less effect of each CLA during IVM. In experiment 4, adding 100. μ. M CLA cis-9,. trans-11 during the final 36. h of culture resulted in a high survival rate after rewarming and culture, and the higher embryo blastomere count was comparable to that of control embryos not undergoing vitrification. In conclusion, supplementation with either CLA isomer did not improve embryo production, but inclusion of CLA cis-9,. trans-11 before vitrification improved the quality of bovine IVF embryos after rewarming and culture.

The effects of conjugated linoleic acid isomers cis-9,trans-11 and trans-10,cis-12 on in vitro bovine embryo production and cryopreservation / Absalon-Medina, V. A.; Bedford-Guaus, S. J.; Gilbert, R. O.; Siqueira, L. C.; Esposito, G.; Schneider, A.; Cheong, S. H.; Butler, W. R.. - In: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0022-0302. - 97:10(2014), pp. 6164-6176. [10.3168/jds.2013-7719]

The effects of conjugated linoleic acid isomers cis-9,trans-11 and trans-10,cis-12 on in vitro bovine embryo production and cryopreservation

Esposito G.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2014

Abstract

Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers can affect the lipid profile and signaling of cells and thereby alter their function. A total of 5,700 bovine oocytes were used in a structured series of experiments to test the effects of CLA cis-9,. trans-11 and CLA trans-10,. cis-12 in vitro. In experiment 1, high doses of each CLA isomer during in vitro maturation (IVM) were compared with high or low doses during the entire in vitro culture (IVC) of parthenogenetic embryos. High doses of the CLA isomers ranged from 50 to 200. μ. M and low doses were 15 and 25. μ. M. In experiment 2, the low doses of each CLA isomer were tested during IVM/IVC on embryos produced by in vitro fertilization (IVF). Experiment 3 compared the effects of 15. μ. M doses of each CLA isomer during IVM or IVC of IVF embryos. In experiment 4, post-rewarming survival rates and blastomere counts were assessed for embryos supplemented with each CLA isomer during IVM or for 36. h before vitrification. In experiment 1, when either CLA isomer was provided only during IVM, we observed no effects on overall rates of maturation, cleavage, or blastocysts (92.2. ±. 1.6%, 78.3. ±. 4.1%, and 28.9. ±. 5.1%, respectively). However, high doses of each CLA isomer, but not low doses, during the entire embryo culture period decreased blastocyst rates (5-20%) in a dose-dependent manner. Cleavage rates improved with 15 or 50. μ. M CLA trans-10,. cis-12. Progesterone concentrations in maturation media were significantly increased by high doses of each CLA isomer compared with control, but low doses of CLA isomers had no effect. In experiment 2 with IVF embryos, low doses of each CLA isomer did not alter cleavage rates (average 84.9. ±. 1.9%) and only 25. μ. M CLA trans-10,. cis-12 during IVC reduced blastocyst rates below those of controls (25.5. ±. 2.1 vs. 38.2. ±. 2.3%). The lipid content of embryos was increased and relative expression of the BIRC5 (baculoviral IAP repeat containing 5) gene was depressed by CLA trans-10,. cis-12. In experiment 3, low doses (15. μ. M) of each CLA isomer during IVC significantly reduced blastocyst rates (20.6. ±. 2.4% and 27.7. ±. 1.2% vs. 34.18. ±. 1.2% for CLA trans-10,. cis-12 and CLA cis-9,. trans-11 compared with control, respectively) with less effect of each CLA during IVM. In experiment 4, adding 100. μ. M CLA cis-9,. trans-11 during the final 36. h of culture resulted in a high survival rate after rewarming and culture, and the higher embryo blastomere count was comparable to that of control embryos not undergoing vitrification. In conclusion, supplementation with either CLA isomer did not improve embryo production, but inclusion of CLA cis-9,. trans-11 before vitrification improved the quality of bovine IVF embryos after rewarming and culture.
The effects of conjugated linoleic acid isomers cis-9,trans-11 and trans-10,cis-12 on in vitro bovine embryo production and cryopreservation / Absalon-Medina, V. A.; Bedford-Guaus, S. J.; Gilbert, R. O.; Siqueira, L. C.; Esposito, G.; Schneider, A.; Cheong, S. H.; Butler, W. R.. - In: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0022-0302. - 97:10(2014), pp. 6164-6176. [10.3168/jds.2013-7719]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2913129
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