There is scant evidence about optimal management of poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder (BNEC). We performed a multicenter retrospective study on BNEC patients from 13 Italian neuroendocrine-dedicated centers to analyze strategies associated with better outcomes. Mixed adeno-neuroendocrine carcinomas (MANEC) were included. We analyzed overall survival (OS) in the overall cohort, relapse-free survival (RFS) in radically operated patients and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients who received chemotherapy for metastatic disease. Fifty-one BNEC patients were included (male: 46, median age: 70 years). Overall, median OS was 16.0 months, radical tumor resection was performed in 37 patients (72.5%) and 11 of these (29.7%) also received peri-operative platinum-etoposide chemotherapy. Median OS was longer in patients with better performance status (PS) and in those with stage I–III disease at diagnosis compared to stage IV. Among patients who underwent radical tumor resection (N = 37), RFS was longer in patients with better PS and showed a trend towards a longer RFS in those treated with peri-operative chemotherapy than with surgery alone (11 vs. 6 months; p = 0.078). Among 28 patients receiving chemotherapy for metastatic disease, PFS was 5.0 months and there was a trend towards improved PFS in patients receiving carboplatin-etoposide chemotherapy compared to other regimens. A multivariate model unmasked a significant association between carboplatin-etoposide chemotherapy and risk for disease progression or death (HR: 0.39 (95%CI: 0.16–0.96) p = 0.040). Performance status might be associated with improved RFS in radically operated patients, while type of chemotherapy might affect PFS in patients receiving chemotherapy for metastatic BNEC.

Perioperative chemotherapy in poorly differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasia of the bladder: A multicenter analysis / Lamberti, G.; Brizzi, M. P.; Pusceddu, S.; Gelsomino, F.; Di Meglio, G.; Massari, F.; Badalamenti, G.; Riccardi, F.; Ibrahim, T.; Ciccarese, C.; Buti, S.; Carnaghi, C.; Prinzi, N.; Panzuto, F.; Campana, D.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 9:5(2020), p. 1351.1351. [10.3390/jcm9051351]

Perioperative chemotherapy in poorly differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasia of the bladder: A multicenter analysis

Buti S.;
2020

Abstract

There is scant evidence about optimal management of poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder (BNEC). We performed a multicenter retrospective study on BNEC patients from 13 Italian neuroendocrine-dedicated centers to analyze strategies associated with better outcomes. Mixed adeno-neuroendocrine carcinomas (MANEC) were included. We analyzed overall survival (OS) in the overall cohort, relapse-free survival (RFS) in radically operated patients and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients who received chemotherapy for metastatic disease. Fifty-one BNEC patients were included (male: 46, median age: 70 years). Overall, median OS was 16.0 months, radical tumor resection was performed in 37 patients (72.5%) and 11 of these (29.7%) also received peri-operative platinum-etoposide chemotherapy. Median OS was longer in patients with better performance status (PS) and in those with stage I–III disease at diagnosis compared to stage IV. Among patients who underwent radical tumor resection (N = 37), RFS was longer in patients with better PS and showed a trend towards a longer RFS in those treated with peri-operative chemotherapy than with surgery alone (11 vs. 6 months; p = 0.078). Among 28 patients receiving chemotherapy for metastatic disease, PFS was 5.0 months and there was a trend towards improved PFS in patients receiving carboplatin-etoposide chemotherapy compared to other regimens. A multivariate model unmasked a significant association between carboplatin-etoposide chemotherapy and risk for disease progression or death (HR: 0.39 (95%CI: 0.16–0.96) p = 0.040). Performance status might be associated with improved RFS in radically operated patients, while type of chemotherapy might affect PFS in patients receiving chemotherapy for metastatic BNEC.
Perioperative chemotherapy in poorly differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasia of the bladder: A multicenter analysis / Lamberti, G.; Brizzi, M. P.; Pusceddu, S.; Gelsomino, F.; Di Meglio, G.; Massari, F.; Badalamenti, G.; Riccardi, F.; Ibrahim, T.; Ciccarese, C.; Buti, S.; Carnaghi, C.; Prinzi, N.; Panzuto, F.; Campana, D.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 9:5(2020), p. 1351.1351. [10.3390/jcm9051351]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2912897
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