Constraining the pre-eruptive processes that modulate the chemical evolution of erupted magmas is a challenge. An opportunity to investigate this issue is offered by the interrogation of the crystals carried in lavas. Here, we employ clinopyroxene crystals from back-arc lavas in order to identify the processes driving basalt to andesite magma evolution within a transcrustal plumbing system. The assembled clinopyroxene archive reveals that mantle melts injected at the crust-mantle transition cool and crystalize, generating a clinopyroxene-dominated mush capped by a melt-rich domain. Magma extracted from this deep storage zone fed the eruption of basalt to basaltic andesite lavas. In addition, chemically evolved melts rapidly rising from this zone briefly stalled at shallow crustal levels, sourcing crystal-poor andesite lavas. Over time, hot ascending primitive magmas intercepted and mixed with shallower cooling magma bodies forming hybrid basic lavas. The blended clinopyroxene cargoes of these lavas provide evidence for the hybridization, which is undetectable from a whole-rock chemical perspective, as mixing involved chemically similar basic magmas. The heterogeneity we found within the clinopyroxene archive is unusual since it provides, for the first time, a complete set of mush-related scenarios by which mantle melts evolve from basalt to andesite compositions. Neither the whole-rock chemistry alone nor the record of the mineral phases crystallizing subsequent to clinopyroxene can provide insights on such early magmatic processes. The obtained clinopyroxene archive can be used as a template for interpretation of the record preserved in the clinopyroxene cargoes of basalt to andesite lavas elsewhere, giving insights into the magma dynamics of the feeding plumbing system that are lost when using whole-rock chemistry.

Clinopyroxene crystals in basic lavas of the marsili volcano chronicle early magmatic stages in a back-arc transcrustal mush system / Trua, T.; Marani, M. P.. - In: GEOSCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3263. - 11:4(2021), p. 159.159. [10.3390/geosciences11040159]

Clinopyroxene crystals in basic lavas of the marsili volcano chronicle early magmatic stages in a back-arc transcrustal mush system

Trua T.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Constraining the pre-eruptive processes that modulate the chemical evolution of erupted magmas is a challenge. An opportunity to investigate this issue is offered by the interrogation of the crystals carried in lavas. Here, we employ clinopyroxene crystals from back-arc lavas in order to identify the processes driving basalt to andesite magma evolution within a transcrustal plumbing system. The assembled clinopyroxene archive reveals that mantle melts injected at the crust-mantle transition cool and crystalize, generating a clinopyroxene-dominated mush capped by a melt-rich domain. Magma extracted from this deep storage zone fed the eruption of basalt to basaltic andesite lavas. In addition, chemically evolved melts rapidly rising from this zone briefly stalled at shallow crustal levels, sourcing crystal-poor andesite lavas. Over time, hot ascending primitive magmas intercepted and mixed with shallower cooling magma bodies forming hybrid basic lavas. The blended clinopyroxene cargoes of these lavas provide evidence for the hybridization, which is undetectable from a whole-rock chemical perspective, as mixing involved chemically similar basic magmas. The heterogeneity we found within the clinopyroxene archive is unusual since it provides, for the first time, a complete set of mush-related scenarios by which mantle melts evolve from basalt to andesite compositions. Neither the whole-rock chemistry alone nor the record of the mineral phases crystallizing subsequent to clinopyroxene can provide insights on such early magmatic processes. The obtained clinopyroxene archive can be used as a template for interpretation of the record preserved in the clinopyroxene cargoes of basalt to andesite lavas elsewhere, giving insights into the magma dynamics of the feeding plumbing system that are lost when using whole-rock chemistry.
Clinopyroxene crystals in basic lavas of the marsili volcano chronicle early magmatic stages in a back-arc transcrustal mush system / Trua, T.; Marani, M. P.. - In: GEOSCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3263. - 11:4(2021), p. 159.159. [10.3390/geosciences11040159]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2912613
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