Background: IgA nephropathy (IgAN) has been anecdotally reported in association with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS). The association likely portends poor renal outcome, and the possible relationship with complement overactivation has yet to be elucidated. We evaluated a series of IgAN patients with aHUS and reviewed the available literature. Methods: Adult patients who received a diagnosis of IgAN and developed aHUS between January 2009 and December 2019 were included in this retrospective review. Results: We identified six IgAN-aHUS patients, all of whom developed end-stage kidney disease. At aHUS presentation all patients had decreased serum C3 levels. Predisposing pathogenetic variants and risk haplotypes for aHUS in CFH gene heterozygosity were documented in four out of six patients. Anti-CFH antibodies were found to be negative in the five tested patients. In the literature we identified 21 case reports involving aHUS-IgAN and six retrospective studies evaluating the presence of TMA at the time of renal biopsy. Hypertension, severe proteinuria, reduced sC3 and a worse renal prognosis were the common features of most cases. Conclusion: Our case series and literature review show that the onset of either aHUS or renal TMA in the course of IgAN are associated with very poor renal outcome. Activation of the alternative pathway revealed by consumption of serum C3 seems to play a major role. Our hypothesis is that the presence of a predisposing factor (e.g. dysregualtion of complement alternative pathway and/or other intrarenal precipitating factors) might be at the heart of aHUS-IgAN pathophysiology. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

IgA nephropathy and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome: a case series and a literature review / Manenti, L.; Rossi, G. M.; Pisani, I.; Gentile, M.; Fontana, F.; Pilato, F. P.; Delsante, M.; Ricco, F.; Mignani, R.; Mele, C.; Bresin, E.; Fiaccadori, E.. - In: JN. JOURNAL OF NEPHROLOGY. - ISSN 1121-8428. - in press(2022). [10.1007/s40620-021-01189-6]

IgA nephropathy and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome: a case series and a literature review

Manenti L.;Delsante M.;Ricco F.;
2022

Abstract

Background: IgA nephropathy (IgAN) has been anecdotally reported in association with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS). The association likely portends poor renal outcome, and the possible relationship with complement overactivation has yet to be elucidated. We evaluated a series of IgAN patients with aHUS and reviewed the available literature. Methods: Adult patients who received a diagnosis of IgAN and developed aHUS between January 2009 and December 2019 were included in this retrospective review. Results: We identified six IgAN-aHUS patients, all of whom developed end-stage kidney disease. At aHUS presentation all patients had decreased serum C3 levels. Predisposing pathogenetic variants and risk haplotypes for aHUS in CFH gene heterozygosity were documented in four out of six patients. Anti-CFH antibodies were found to be negative in the five tested patients. In the literature we identified 21 case reports involving aHUS-IgAN and six retrospective studies evaluating the presence of TMA at the time of renal biopsy. Hypertension, severe proteinuria, reduced sC3 and a worse renal prognosis were the common features of most cases. Conclusion: Our case series and literature review show that the onset of either aHUS or renal TMA in the course of IgAN are associated with very poor renal outcome. Activation of the alternative pathway revealed by consumption of serum C3 seems to play a major role. Our hypothesis is that the presence of a predisposing factor (e.g. dysregualtion of complement alternative pathway and/or other intrarenal precipitating factors) might be at the heart of aHUS-IgAN pathophysiology. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
IgA nephropathy and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome: a case series and a literature review / Manenti, L.; Rossi, G. M.; Pisani, I.; Gentile, M.; Fontana, F.; Pilato, F. P.; Delsante, M.; Ricco, F.; Mignani, R.; Mele, C.; Bresin, E.; Fiaccadori, E.. - In: JN. JOURNAL OF NEPHROLOGY. - ISSN 1121-8428. - in press(2022). [10.1007/s40620-021-01189-6]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2911472
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